Social Issues Confronting the Aids/Hiv Population

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Marlena Hood
Social issues confronting the AIDS/HIV population.
BSHS 302/Hilton
Team A- 10/19/2010

AIDS stands from acquired immune deficiency syndrome. AIDS is called by a virus called HIV that is the human immunodeficiency virus. If one were to be infected with HIV their body naturally will try to fight the infection by making special molecules called “antibodies.” A blood test for HIV looks for these antibodies and if one had them in their blood that would make them positive for the HIV infection.

HIV positive is different than AIDS. HIV will wear down your immune system slowly as viruses, parasite, bacteria, and fungi can easily make you sick since your immune system is damaged. Most people with the HIV virus get infected by having intercourse with an infected person, sharing needles with someone who has the virus, or by being born by a mother who was infected or drinking breast milk from an infected woman.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 1 to 1.2 million residents of the United States are living with the HIV infection or AIDS. Out of this population, a quarter of them do not know that they have it and about 75 percent of 40,000 new infection each year are in males while about 25 percent are in females. In the mid 1990s, the leading cause of death was by AIDS. But as technology grew so did newer treatments which cut the death rate for AIDS by a significant amount. A lot of people do not know they are infected by HIV. A lot of people just think it’s the flu. It can cause some people to get headaches, have sore muscles or joints, stomach aches, fever, swollen lymph glands, skin rashes for up to two weeks. There are even some people who don’t have any symptoms.

The virus multiplies in the body for a few weeks or even months before the immune system even has the chance to respond. During this time, the body doesn’t test positive for HIV but it is still contagious. When the immune system does respond this is when it...
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