Social Issues Affecting Females in Jamaica

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Education and Social Issues –Females In Jamaica

Education is important for everyone, but it is especially significant for girls and women. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities, but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations. Investing in girls' education is one of the most effective ways to reduce poverty and girl’s results are principally high dividends. In Jamaica I think/ believe girls are cleverer, better-behaved and try harder than boys at school from a very young age. As globalization calls for higher levels of education, persons especially women are on the move to increase their academic standard. However as time progresses and persons get older some tend to loose their focus due to a number of issues which includes their socio economic status and early pregnancy. According to a study done by University of the West Indies, home factors such as family structure, socioeconomic status, and educational attainment influenced school participation by both sexes; and also that the majority of both sexes in the out-of-school sample dropped out of school between grades 7 and 9. It also stated that in comparison more girls than boys continued through to grade 11. Financial constraints were the main reasons for drop-out for both sexes, while pregnancy for the girls and violence in the communities for the boys were the two other frequently cited reasons but as persons gets older they realize the need to upgrade themselves in order to achieve. There may however be some issues to workout as there will now the need for sustaining the new and additional expenses.

Resulting from workshops conducted by the Combined Disabilities Association (CDA) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health/Global Fund project between 2006 – 2009, information relayed are that when females want to upgrade themselves academically a number of things are taken into consideration which may need to be adjusted and this includes their household if family is involved and most importantly if they are single parents with little or no income and no one to extend care and close monitoring for the family during their (the mother) absence away at school. Little or no household income for the family can be a severe problem as the female may have to become involved in sometimes unwanted intimate relationship to increase monetary support, at times the relationship may become violent as the other partner may think the female is spending too much time away from home or him. Other problems may appear as the male partner who is contributing to the household may want the female to bear him a child, this notion may not be welcomed by the female as she is trying to pursue education and this will cause her to pause in her educational pursue or practice unsafe abortion. Health problems may arise as the need for funds increase which one person cannot provide leading to promiscuity and with the partner’s reluctance to use sexual protection, sexually transmitted disease comes into place, other health problems may be under nutrition as funds are now saved towards the education and meals are scarcely provided for.

In an article published in the Jamaican Gleaner in 2007(Jamaica Daily Gleaner), it was stated that Jamaica's education system favours females; the systematic bias against men pushes them down and elevates women. Feminists with whom I agree are not comfortable with this thesis, as it is evident among us the many social problems that exist posing barriers to pursuing education. In Jamaica the gender differences in the educational results, include academic achievement (with girls more likely to do better), like high school and tertiary (choice of CXC and GCE A-level subjects), and choice of jobs and careers. There were also differences in girls’ and boys’ experiences in school. These included exposure to negative school practices such as corporal...
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