Social Institution

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SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
Major structural entitities in sociocultural systems that address a basic need of the system. Institutions involve fixed modes of

behavior backed by strong norms and sanctions that tend to be followed by most members of a society. It may also, be defined as an organizational system which functions to satisfy basic social needs by providing an ordered framework linking the individual to the larger culture.

A social institution is a complex, integrated set of social norms organized around the preservation of a basic societal value.

Obviously, the sociologist does not define institutions in the same way as does the person on the street. Lay persons are likely to

use the term "institution" very loosely, for churches, hospitals, jails, and many other things as institutions.

Commonly, experts officially recognize five major social institutions that have been evident in some way in every civilization in

history.

GENERAL FUCTIONS OF SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
1. Institution Satisfy the Basic Needs of Society.

2. Institution Define Dominant Social Values.

"Bill of Rights"

3. Institutions Establish Permanent Patterns of Social Behavior

Monogamy

4. Institutions Support Other Institutions.

"Adultery".

5. Institutions Provide Roles for Individuals .

Husband and Wife.

TYPES OF SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS

* FAMILY
* RELIGION
* EDUCATION
* GOVERNMENT
* ECONOMICS

FAMILY AS A SOCIAL INSTITUTION Family as a Social Institution The word family originally meant A Band Of Slaves.(Coontz 1999) It is worth noting this when

looking at the origins of Families. For even when the word came to apply to persons affiliated by blood and marriage this was

more in relation to the notion of families as authority relations rather than our modern terminology being of families as groups of

loved ones.
It is also important to note that
marriage in those other than the elite in most white Christian societies was not a ceremony performed until the last 250 years or

so. This was because of the way in which land and other things of value were to be divided and as only the rich had to worry about disbursement of assets after their deaths they were the only ones that needed in essence to be legally married.

But regardless of the Religious and or legal ceremonies surrounding the union of marriage past or present the concept of

family has remained very strong. The family has always been a fundamental building block......To be seen as a family or part of a

family is something that will be important to our society for a very long time to come. So as stated throughout this paper it is not

so much a question of is family important but of the fact that it is very important and to what extent we will now as a society go to

in the future in order to define our families, just so that we can all no matter if we are, gay, straight, childless, have 2 dogs, live

with step parents foster parents etc call ourselves part of a family.

THE SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY

1. The control and regulation of sexual behavior.

2. To provide for new members of society (children).

3. To provide for the economic and emotional maintenace of individuals.

4. To provide for primary socialization of children.

RELIGION AS A SOCIAL INSTITUTION

The view in the title is a functionalist’s view. Durkheim claims thatreligion is to do with the sacred and certain things, people

and places are perceived to be sacred for example Jesus Christ, totem and the Tajmahal. He claims that...
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