Social Factor Affecting Human Behaviors

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Introduction

NUCLEAR INSTITUTE FOR FOOD & AGRICULTURE (NIFA), PESHAWAR one of the four agricultural research institutes of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) established in 1982.  The institute works for the enhancement of crop production and protection, soil fertility, water management and conservation and value addition of food resources, employing nuclear and other contemporary techniques.

Historical background

Established in 1982, the main objective of this multidisciplinary R & D institute is to promote peaceful application of atomic energy in the fields of food and agricultural research. This institute is the 3rd agriculture center of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC). The Government of NWFP donated the present building and fourteen acres of experimental land while all the research facilities were provided by PAEC. PAEC has made every Endeavour to make available the trained manpower required facilities essential for the pursuit of problem oriented research. Keeping this objective in view, the Institute has been pursuing goal oriented R & D efforts on resolving problems pertaining to low crop yields, soil fertility, pest management, conservation of food resources and malnutrition problems prevailing in the country.

In NIFA, the main focus of research is on the development of improved techniques for increasing the yield of important food crops and the development of the package of technologies for extending the storage life of cereals, fruits and vegetables produced in the country by the use of nuclear and other relevant techniques. The institute holds the promise of making significant contributions towards improving agriculture production in the country, passing economic benefits to farmers and striving to share in the efforts to make the country self-reliant and self-sufficient in agricultural commodities.

NIFA PROFILE
The use of atomic radiation and radio isotopes has great potential for increasing agricultural production, through evolving high yielding crop varieties, protecting fruit trees and other crops from the ravages of insects and diseases and determining the optimum use of inputs for getting maximum yield of crops. Atomic radiations and other nuclear techniques are also very effective in extending the storage life, improving the hygienic and nutritional quality and controlling the post-harvest losses in the agriculture/horticultural produce. Making use of these nuclear and other advanced techniques, Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA) holds the promise of making significant contributions towards food safety and security by improving agriculture production in the country, passing economic benefits to farmers and striving to share in the efforts to make the country self-reliant and self-sufficient in agricultural commodities.

Established in 1982, the main objective of this multidisciplinary R & D institute is to promote peaceful application of atomic energy in the fields of food and agricultural research. This institute is the 3rd agriculture center of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC). The Government of NWFP donated the present building and fourteen acres of experimental land while all the research facilities were provided by PAEC. PAEC has made every endeavor to make available the trained manpower required facilities essential for the pursuit of problem oriented research. Keeping this objective in view, the Institute has been pursuing goal oriented R & D efforts on resolving problems pertaining to low crop yields, soil fertility, pest management, conservation of food resources and malnutrition problems prevailing in the country.

The institute comprises of the following four research and development divisions.

Name of division| No. of scientists| Total staff|
Crop Breeding Division| 10| 29|
Entomology Division| 08| 14|
Food Science Division| 14| 19|
Soil Science Division| 07| 08|
Total| 39| 70|

The...
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