Social class

Topics: Working class, Social class, Middle class Pages: 4 (1288 words) Published: February 8, 2015


Social Class
Introduction
This report provides information obtained through research, regarding Social Class. This report will pay particular attention to the Historical Background, Contextual Factors, and Coping Strategies offering some explanation, findings and recommendations. The report will comment on the prospects of social class and make recommendations that would improve Social class as a problem for individuals as well as organizations. These observations do have limitations as social class is a very broad problem and cannot be thoroughly be covered in this report. Definition of terms

Scientific Definition: According to Karl Marx, what distinguishes one type of society from another is its mode of production (i.e., the nature of its technology and division of labour), and each mode of production engenders a distinctive class system in which one class controls and directs the process of production while another class is, or other classes are, the direct producers and providers of services to the dominant class. (Britannica, 2014) Theoretical Definition: Social class, also called class, a group of people within a society who possess the same socioeconomic status. (Britannica, 2014) Group Definition: This is a status hierarchy that society uses to divide and categorise individuals and groups based on: wealth and status, esteem and prestige, literacy level and networks, influence and power etc. Social class may also refer to any single level in the hierarchy which consist of a group of people of similar status, generally sharing comparable levels of influence and wealth. Common social classes informally acknowledged in various societies are: Upper class, Middle class, Working class, and the Lower class.

Historical background
The term class came first came into wide use in the early 19th century, replacing such terms as rank and order as descriptions of the major hierarchical groupings in society. This usage reflected changes in the...
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