University of Phoenix
Social Change and Modernization
Social change is when culture and social institutions transform over time. There are four major characteristics in this complex process. The first characteristic is that it happens all the time. There are changes all around us. Two examples would be taxes and death. Taxes have changed dramatically since the 1900’s from little to no taxes to high taxes. Deaths have gone from a lot to a lot less due to higher life expectancy. The second characteristic is that social change is often unplanned but sometimes intentional. Changes in society are nonstop but knowing the consequences from these changes is nearly impossible. One example would be the making of the automobile to get an individual from point A to point B in less time it would take by horse. The consequences that were not predicted were Pollution, reshaping of cities and suburbs, and family members moving to different locations all over the world instead of staying close to one another. The third characteristic is controversy. This means that there will always be arguments on what is right and what is wrong. One such matter would be about the industries and that even though it increases productivity and raised profits workers feared they would lose their jobs to machines. The fourth characteristic would be that changes matter more than others. This means that new technology seems to be more important than the welfare of human beings.
Modernization is the same as social change but through industrialization. There are for characteristics in this as well. The first characteristic is the decline of small traditional communities. This means that communities that were limited offered a closeness with the community such as belonging, purpose, and a strong sense of identity now days people rely on technology to plug them into the larger society and connect them to the entire world by using such things as computers, televisions, and telephones...