Social Bond Theory
In 1969, a man named Travis Hirschi wrote and proposed something called the Social Control Theory. This theory can be applied in numerous kinds of ways when trying to address and solved social problems dealing with adolescents delinquent behavior. Before we can try to apply the Social Bond Theory, we must first understand the components and definition of the theory. Once we have a firm grasp of the theory, we can then look into our own lives and programs within our communities, to possibly provide support to strengthen the validity of the Social Bond Theory. Travis Hirshi's Social Bond Theory
The Social Control Theory as written by Travis Hirschi in 1969, can be divided into several parts, in this case, we will be looking at the Causes of Delinquency, more specifically, the Social Bond Theory and its four components. The Social Bond Theory links delinquent behavior in the individual with the quality of the bonds he or she has within the society. The theory suggests that the probability of an individual to commit delinquent acts is inversely related to how strong the individual's bond to society is. Ergo, the stronger the bond that the individual has with his or her society is, the less likely it is that they'll commit delinquent acts.
Going a little further, Hirschi discusses that the Social Bond Theory is comprised of four components: attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief. Attachment
Attachment is referred to as the extent in which a person is attached to others. Attachment begins when we are born where our first type of attachment would be towards our mothers. Then as we grow older our primary attachments become our family then our friends, then our co-workers, teachers, and other members of the community. By having these attachments to people, we learn to internalize norms, develop a conscience, and become more sensitive and understanding of others. Commitment
Commitment is referred to as the time, energy, and effort expended in conventional activities, such as education or saving money. Commitment could be called the grounding force in the individuals life because it prevents them from committing crimes because doing so would render their time and efforts in conventional activities useless and wasted. So by having commitments, the individual would be less likely to commit delinquent behavior in fear of their time and effort given to a certain activity being wasted. Involvement
Involvement is referred to as when the individual is involved with social and leisure activities, it leaves little time to do delinquent behavior. For involvement, it could be analyzed that the more involved the individual is with activities, the less delinquent behavior he or she will commit because of the lack of time to do so. Beliefs
Beliefs is referring to the fact that if an individual shares certain values and beliefs with the people around them or the people they have attachments to, they are less likely to deviate from this because it gives them a sense of self-purpose and belonging. Moreover, people who share common beliefs may also share good values such as sharing, sensitivity to others, and adhering and respecting the law. Agencies in the Community
After taking a look into the local community, there were several agencies that had elements of the Social Bond Theory, of these, two programs in particular stood out which was called the Police Activity League (P.A.L) and the 4-H. The P.A.L
The P.A.L is a program that is described from the L.A.P.D website as, “...a youth crime prevention program that relies on educational, athletic and other recreational activities to cement a bond between police officers and the youth in our community.” ("P.a.l: Police activity," 2012) The P.A.L program was originated in New York City, but then expanded to Los Angeles and then to all the counties around...