Social and Moral Development

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In this paper, I will be explaining the stages of social and moral development children experience from early childhood through adolescence. I will also be comparing the social and emotional development of the children in each of the age groups that I selected in Week Six, which were early childhood and middle childhood. There are six stages of social and moral development that children will experience from early childhood to adolescence. The six stages are broken down into three levels. The first level is Preconventional morality, which contains stages one and two (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). Stage one in this level is punishment-avoidance and obedience. In this stage, children make decisions based on what is best for them, regardless of how it will affect other’s feelings (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). The only way that a child will obey rules in this stage is if they are set and established by a more powerful individual (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). They are will try to get away with whatever they can and think that their only wrong behaviors are the ones that they will be punished for if they get caught (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). Stage two is when these children start to recognize that others have needs too. Children in this stage will try to satisfy others needs if their own needs are met. In stage two, they are starting to realize more what is right and wrong in terms of consequences for themselves (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). The next level is Level two, which is Conventional morality. Level two, just like level one has two stages that goes with it. These two stages is stage three and stage four. Stage three is the good boy/good girl stage, and in this stage is where children start to make decisions that will please others (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). In this stage, the child is concerned with maintaining interpersonal relationships through sharing, trust and loyalty (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). The last thing that this child will experience in this stage is they will...
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