Since India's Independence in 1947, country has faced several social and economic issues.
|Contents | |1 Violence | |1.1 Religious violence | |1.2 Terrorism | |1.3 Naxalism | |1.4 Caste related violence | |2 Human rights | |2.1 Press freedom | |2.2 LGBT rights | |3 Overpopulation | |4 Economic issues | |4.1 Poverty | |4.2 Corruption | |5 See also | |6 References |
Main article: Religious violence in India
Further information: Hindutva, Hindu nationalism, Islamic Extremism, Khalistan movement, Islamic terrorism, and Christian terrorism See also: Anti-Christian violence in India, Anti-Christian violence in Karnataka, and Religious violence in Orissa [pic]
The 16th Century Babri Mosque was destroyed by the members of Hindu nationalist VHP and Bajrang Dal in 1992, resulting in nationwide religious riots Constitutionally India is a secular state,  but large-scale violence have periodically occurred in India since independence. In recent decades, communal tensions and religion-based politics have become more prominent,  coinciding with a rise in Islamic terrorism. Although India is generally known for religious pluralism,  the Hindutva ideology propagates that India belongs to the Hindus, and the Christians and the Muslims are "aliens",  and many proponents of this ideology portray violence against Muslims and Christians as a form of "self-defence" against "invaders".  The Hindutva ideology is at the core of Sangh Parivar politics and its expression in violence against religious minority.  Throughout the history of post-Independence India, both Muslim and Christian communities have faced repeated attacks from Hindu activists.  As the Hindutva ideology has grown more powerful over the years, many Hindutva activists have partaken in riots against minority communities.  Over the last decade, religious violence in India has increasingly become what academics believe to be organized pogroms to eliminate minority communities.    Some state governments in India have been accused of not effectively prosecuting those who attack religious minorities.  Major religious violent incidents include Ayodhya debate, Bombay Riots, 1993 Bombay bombings, 2002 Gujarat violence. [pic]
Many Ahmedabad's buildings were set on fire during 2002 Gujarat violence Although related, Hinduism and Hindutva are different. Hinduism is a religion while Hindutva is a political ideology. The Hindutva movement is not supported by majority of Hindus. Some tolerant or "secular" Hindus use the term "Hindu Taliban" to describe the supporters of the Hindutva movement. Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize-winning Indian sociologist and cultural and political critic Ashis Nandy argued "Hindutva will be the end of Hinduism." In Jammu and Kashmir, Since March 1990, estimates of between 250,000 to 300,000 pandits have migrated outside Kashmir due to persecution by Islamic fundamentalists in the largest case of ethnic cleansing since the partition of India. The proportion of Kashmiri Pandits in the Kashmir valley has declined from about 15% in 1947 to, by some estimates, less than 0.1% since the insurgency in Kashmir took on a religious and sectarian flavor.  Many Kashmiri Pandits have been killed by...