Topics: Sociology, Behavior, Human behavior Pages: 8 (1780 words) Published: May 21, 2013
* Emotional tendency to regard thoughts, objects, persons and events as sacred * Man has to adapt himself to nature and to supernatural forces * Involves an unscrutinizing acceptance, reverence and even protection RATIONALISM

* Reflected in the secularized use of nature and human beings as means through which certain ends are obtained * Man is future-oriented
* He gives high priority to self expression and creativity PERSONALISM
* Attaches major importance to the personal factor
* Carries great emotional involvement between the interacting parties IMPERSONALISM
* The tendency to eliminate as much as possible the influence of any system * Inclined toward the prevention of nepotism (favoritism shown to relatives) * Behavior is depersonalized, standardized or institutionalized PARTICULARISM

* Man’s concern is centered on subgroups in the larger society to which he belongs * “It is whom you know and not what you know” that greatly controls the operation of matters in the society UNIVERSALISM

* Man’s main concern is the advancement of the collective or national good * The merit system applies equally to everyone
* Advocacy of making one’s own nation distinct and separate from others * Feeling of oneness among the nationals of a given country * If intense, it may take the form of ethnocentrism or xenophobia * It is constructive

* With tolerance, it enables the people to be aware of the existence of values INTERNATIONALISM
* Also known as “COSMOPOLITANISM”
* Relatively great disregard of local, provincial or national and racial or ethnic prejudices, attachments or peculiarities * Enables a person to abide by the doctrine of cultural relativism

* Filipino Value System based on the theoretical concepts and VSA (Value System Analysis) model of CLARE W. GRAVES: 1. SUBSISTENCE LEVELS
a. Automatic Existence
* Filipino seeks only the immediate satisfaction of his basic physiological needs. * Economic Security – the desire to possess the essentials for a decent human life and the opportunities for improving oneself. Instrumental to this goal value of economic security are:

1.) Utang na loob Reciprocity
2.) Authority Value
b. Tribalistic Existence
* Filipino defends a life he does not understand.
* Gaba (curse or moral retribution)
* Bahala na
* Kapalaran (Fate)

c. Egocentric Existence
* The raw, rugged, self-assertive in the individualism of the Filipino comes to the fore. * Amor Propio (self-esteem or self love)
* Hiya (shame)
* Ningas Cogon (Procrastination)
d. Saintly Existence
* Filipino perceives that living in this world does not bring ultimate pressure. * Faith and religiosity
* Bayanihan or Batarisan
* Pagtitiis (Patient Suffering)
* Utang na Loob (debt inside or debt of gratitude)
e. Materialistic Existence
* Filipino strives to conquer the world by learning its secret. * Social Mobility (ability to change their social class)
* Nepotism (favoritism shown to relatives)
f. Personalistic Existence
g. Social Acceptance
h. Pagsasarili
i. SIR (Smooth Interpersonal Relation)
a. Pakikisama
b.) Euphemism
c.) The go-between
d.) Filipino Hospitality
* a.) Cognitive Existence
* Love for education, self development, refinement * b.) Experientalistic Existence
* Family Kinship System
* Barkada
* Power
* Love and respect for life
* Deep sense of personal worth

* Socialization: Lifelong process in which people learn appropriate attitudes, values, and behaviors * Personality: Person’s typical patterns of attitudes, needs, characteristics, and behavior

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