Sms Based Tracking System

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THE SMS BASED FORECASTING SYSTEM OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT ARRIVAL TIME

FONG YIT MENG YEE CHEE HONG YONG HUEY YI
SESSION 2004/2005

FACULTY OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MULTIMEDIA UNIVERSITY MARCH 2005

FONG YIT MENG YEE CHEE HONG YONG HUEY YI

THE SMS BASED FORECASTING SYSTEM OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT ARRIVAL TIME

SESSION 2004/2005

THE SMS BASED FORECASTING SYSTEM OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT ARRIVAL TIME BY

FONG YIT MENG YEE CHEE HONG YONG HUEY YI
SESSION 2004/2005

THE PROJECT REPORT IS PREPARED FOR FACULTY OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MULTIMEDIA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR BACHELOR OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY B.IT (HONS) INFORMATION SYSTEM ENGINEERING FACULTY OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

MULTIMEDIA UNIVERSITY
MARCH 2005

ABLEOF CONTENT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First and foremost, we would like to convey our deepest gratitude to our Project Supervisor, Mr. Ng Keng Hoong for his willingness and enthusiasm in accepting our proposal for developing this system. His prompt guidance and suggestions have indeed served as a source of inspiration for an unremitting betterment in both aspects of the project requirement - documentation and technical development.

In another hand, we would like to convey our utmost appreciation to Mr. Ng Kong Leng, Mobitek System Sdn. Bhd for his sponsorship and knowledge has assisting us for completing the system successfully.

Our utmost appreciation is also extended to every staffs in ITS Konsortium Sdn. Bhd. who provide us with the necessary information and guidance during the implementation of our system.

Last but not least, we would also like to thank to our friends, seniors and families who rallied around to provide us with untiring morally support and unfailing knowledge -wise assistance during occurrences of development faults and uncertainties.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
MANAGEMENT SUMMARY 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT 1.2 PROJECT OBJECTIVES 1.3 PROJECT SCOPES 1.4 GROUP MEMBERS CONTRIBUTION 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 FEASIBILITY STUDIES 2.2 SEQUENCE OF ACTION OF A TYPICAL BUS PASSENGERS 2.3 CASE STUDY - http://www.nextbus.com 2.4 INTEGLLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM (ITS) – ITS Konsortium Sdn. Bhd. 2.5 ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK (ANN) 2.6 SPECIFICATION FOR SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 2.7 QUESTIONNAIRE 3.0 METHODOLOGY 3.1 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT METHODLOGY 4.0 PROPOSED SOLUTION 4.1 SYSTEM STRUCTURE OR SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE 4.2 PROCESS MODELING 4.3 CONCEPTUAL DATA MODELING 4.4 FLOW CHART 4.5 STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM 4.6 IMPLEMENTATION OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK (ANN) 5.0 IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 5.1 THE WORKFLOW AND TIMELINE FOR TRIMESTER 2 5.2 THE WORKFLOW AND TIMELINE FOR TRIMESTER 3 6.0 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 MODULE CONFIGURATION 6.2 USER INTERFACE DESIGN 6.3 TESTING 6.4 CONFIGURATION & DEPLOYMENT 6.5 MAINTENANCE 1 2 2 4 5 6 8 9 12 15 22 24 30 33 39 39 45 45 48 59 77 83 88 89 89 90 91 91 110 116 120 123

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7.0 DISCUSSION 7.1 ACTUAL IMPLEMENTATION VERSUS PLAN 7.2 COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO ANN APPROACHES 7.3 COMPARISON BETWEEN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK AND STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES 8.0 CONCLUSION 8.1 SUMMARY 8.2 BENEFIT FROM PROJECT 8.3 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF PREDICTBUS SYSTEM 8.4 FUTURE ENHANCEMENT 9.0 BIBLIOGRAPHY 9.1 JOURNAL PAPERS 9.2 CONFERENCE PAPERS 9.3 BOOKS 9.4 WEBSITES APPENDIX BUSINESS PLAN DELIVERABLES PROJECT RISKS MARKET AND COMMERCIALIZATION POTENTIAL SWOT ANALYSIS ANN TRAINING DATA

125 125 126 128 131 131 132 133 135 137 137 138 138 139 141 142 142 143 144 144 147

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LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 2.1: Sequence of Action Executed by Typical Bus Passengers Figure 2.2: NextBus web site (Source provider: http://www.nextbus.com) Figure 2.3: Live Map for showing the tracked vehicles (Source provider: http://www.nextbus.com) Figure 2.4: Bus Schedule (Source provider: http://www.nextbus.com) Figure 2.5: The View of NextBus Implementation in WAP Phone and Palm Handheld Computer (Source provider: http://www.nextbus.com) Figure 2.6: The Automatic Vehicle...
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