Smoking Term Paper

Topics: Lung cancer, Tobacco, Nicotine Pages: 11 (3606 words) Published: May 2, 2011
The Risks of Smoking
Jack Jeffries

CCC English
Ms. Clarke
6 April 2011

Jeffries 1
Jack Jeffries
Ms. Clarke
CCC English
6 April 2011
Smoking: The Risks of Smoking
According to the World Health Organization, someone dies from the use of tobacco every eight seconds. Tobacco is used in many different products. A few of these products are bidis, chew, cigars, dip, hookah, and cigarettes. In the United States of America, where 12 million dollars a year is spent on tobacco awareness campaigns, 21 percent of people still smoke. Even though millions are spent to educate Americans about the harmful effects of smoking, millions still continue to smoke. A survey by the Center of Disease Control reported that 21 percent, or 45.1 million, of Americans smoke.

Most people believe that smoking is not as harmful as the anti-smoking campaigns try to make it sound. Americans believe that since cigarettes are legal to purchase it cannot be harmful. But in reality, smoking kills more people than cocaine, heroine, alcohol, fire, automobile accidents, homicides, suicides, and AIDS combined. Smoking kills, on average, 500,000 people per year. This includes firsthand and secondhand smoking. What really is the sad part to all this is that all these deaths are preventable. It is evident that smoking affects millions of Americans. It can hurt your health and hurt other’s health around you. Choosing to stop smoking can be difficult, but will benefit everyone involved. Cigarettes contain many different toxins that make it addictive. There are millions addicted to smoking with thousands getting addicted everyday. Smoking has a negative affect on every aspect of our society.

Jeffries 2
This essay will cover many aspect of the negative side of the tobacco industry, mainly focusing on the health drawbacks of smoking. It will cover the negative health effects on smokers themselves and also the negative effects on people around smokers, secondhand smoke. This essay will then discuss how putting an end to smoking will benefit everyone. Now that the essay’s main points are laid out, let’s continue on to the first point. The negative health effects on smokers lives.

Smoking is harmful in many aspects of one’s life, but the health effects are probably the worst part about smoking. Smoking causes many different health problems. A few of these problems are wheezing, shortness of breath, lack of energy, poor concentration, dull skin, nicotine-stained fingers, premature wrinkling, reduced fertility, risky pregnancy, damaged taste buds, stained teeth and emphysema. However, smoking is probably most linked to different types of cancers. Cigarette smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals and compounds. Hundreds are toxic and at least 69 cause cancer. Tobacco smoke itself is a known human carcinogen. Tobacco smoke is a complex mixture of chemicals such as carbon monoxide, tar, formaldehyde, cyanide, and ammonia—many of which are known carcinogens. Tar exposes the user to an increased risk of lung cancer, emphysema, and bronchial disorders.

Smokers are more likely to get cancer than non-smokers. This is particularly true of lung cancer, throat cancer and mouth cancer, which hardly ever affect non-smokers. The use of cigarettes, and other products used to smoke, is directly linked to lung cancer claims the Tendring District Council. Len Johnson says, “The leading cause of cancer death in both men and women is primary carcinoma of the lungs.” He also goes on to state that current or former smokers count for 90

Jeffries 3
percent of all patients who are diagnosed with lung cancer. Len Johnson sums up how and why smoking causes lung cancer:

Lung cancer normally takes many years to develop. Incidence tends to peaks between the ages of 55 and 65 years. The changes in the lung however can begin almost as soon as a person is exposed to carcinogenic chemicals....
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