Smoking: Nature vs Nurture

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Acknowledgment
First of all, I would like to express my deepest thank you to my Critical Thinking’s lecturers, Mr Harun and Miss Rajam because being the most dedicated in teaching the subject during my whole semester 2. Not to forget, Mr Harun who not hesitated in answering my doubt and helping me with this term paper. Next, want to thank my family for the support given all these while. Thank you for the encouragement given physically and emotionally. Lastly, I would like to give a special thank you to my beloved friends who are willing to enlighten me throughout the process of finishing up this paper. I want to thank them for sharing their opinions and ideas in order for me to accomplish this term paper. The people mentioned above have my greatest appreciation. Thank you very much.

Abstract
The purpose of this term paper is to investigate whether the act of smoking is cause by nature or nurture. Nature here refers to the biological or genetic factor of the individual. Whereas nurture here refers to the environment the individual grow up in. This research is done to prove that smoking is not an act of nature but it is actually the consequence of nurture. This research is done by looking up resources over the internet and the statistics that was done by the scientist upon finding out upon the same question. It is also done by observational method and questionnaire given to random people. The result of this research was indeed that smoking is highly caused by the environment of the individual.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgment …………………………………………………………………….. 1 Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………..... 2 Introduction …………………………………………………………………………. 4-5 Methods ……………………………………………………………………………… 6 Result …………………………………………………………………………………. 7 Discussions ………………………………………………………………………... 8-11 Recommendations ……………………………………………………………….. 12-13 Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………….. 14 References ………………………………………………………………………….. 15

Introduction
Smoking is a common phenomenon in our society nowadays. Back to the previous centuries, smoking is for the people who could afford them; the prices are quite high compared to nowadays. In other words, smoking is a sign of wealth and elegance of the upper class of society. Only at earlier 1950’s health warning of smoking begins. Today, the tobacco industry survives despite a wave of negative publicity. Scientists bombard us with new evidence to prove the addictive and deadly affects of the cigarette. As legislation in developed countries tightens so the tobacco manufacturers turn their attentions to less informed developing countries. It has been a great concern of what has caused people to start smoking. Debates and awareness rises of what might be the reason why people continue to smoke despite the negative effects that have been proven. What has come to this term paper’s concern is whether smoking is an the act of nature or the act of nurture. Nature here refers to ‘genetics’ of an individual which defined as the branch of biology that deals with heredity, especially the mechanisms of heredity transmission and the variation of inherited traits among similar or related organisms. On the other hand, nurture here refers to environment which defined as the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.

The title of this thesis, nature vs nurture concerns the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities ("nature," i.e. nativism, or innatism) versus personal experiences ("nurture," i.e. empiricism or behaviorism) in determining or causing individual differences in physical and behavioral traits. In other words, it is an investigation of whether the habit of smoking is passed on through generation or it is the consequence of the living environment of an individual. Other than that, this thesis also includes the factors that triggered someone to start smoking and to maintain the habit...
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