Choose a current health topic and discuss the health policy initiatives that directly impacts upon NHS provision of care. Identify at least two health models and discuss how these might positively influence an individual’s health and well being. Smoking is a significant health topic in the UK today. With over 10 million people smoking cigarettes in the United Kingdom and a further two million that smoke cigars, pipes or both the vast majority of them being men. Cigarette Smoking causes a number of health problems and risks that can be very expensive to treat. This has a huge effect on the NHS, Spending over 1.5 billon including hospital admissions, GP consultations and prescriptions. Smoking is a substance such as tobacco which is inhaled and tasted. Cigarettes contain over 4000 different chemicals the most damaging being tar, this is the substances that causes cancer and the black tar colouring on the lungs, the part of the cigarette that becomes addictive to the smoker is the nicotine not only does it become highly addictive it also increases cholesterol in the body. Carbon monoxide is also inhaled into the body whilst smoking this reduces oxygen in the body. Today tobacco consumption is recognised as the UK single greatest cause of preventable illness and early death with more that 107,000 people dying in 2007 from smoking related diseases. In Britain 30% of people aged 20-24 are known as smokers, 13% of smokers are aged 60 and over, the amount of smokers aged 60 and over has halved from 1974 from 34% to 13% in 2008. There are many related illnesses caused due to smoking cigarettes. Most smoking related deaths are due to heart disease, cancers and COPD. Some of the diseases are more serious than others such as COPD, Heart disease, cancers such as throat, lung and kidney. Other conditions that smoking can cause is problems in society such as chest infections, asthma, smell on clothes, stained teeth and yellow fingers. Smoking causes more than...
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