Slum Rehabilitation in Mumbai.

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SLUM REHABILITATION IN MUMBAI.

Ms. Purva Dewoolkar.
K.R.V.I.A
M Arch 1st year
Urban Designing

Prof. Manoj Parmar; Prof. Vikas Dilawari
Seminar
31 October 2011

SLUM REHABILITATION IN MUMBAI.

Contents
1. Abstract................................................................................................................................3 2. Methodology........................................................................................................................3 3. Slum Redevelopment in Mumbai ........................................................................................4 4. Responsibilities of SRA ......................................................................................................6 5. Problems in implementations of SRA schemes …..............................................................6 6. Conclusion………………………………………...............................................................8 7. Bibliography……..………………………………...............................................................8 8. Webliography……………………………………...............................................................8

1. Abstract
It is essential to understand and analyze the slum rehabilitation in Mumbai and the complexities involved in enabling them. Paper is based on information from the slum redevelopment strategy in Mumbai (Bombay). Slum redevelopment involved demolishing slums and rebuilding them at a higher intensity and density, including new medium or high rise apartment blocks for the slum dwellers. The evidence also suggests that the popular proposal of the enabling approach is simplistic and one-sided. The role of the State in facilitating housing provision is difficult. Paradoxically, facilitating housing not only involves decentralization but also some form of centralization; not only privatization but also new kinds of civic investment; not only deregulation but also enforcement of new regulations; and not only demand-driven development but also supply-driven initiatives. The objective of the paper is to trace the evolution and need for formation of the slum redevelopment policies, and to study the case of Mumbai to uncover the facts involved in providing housing to the urban poor.

2. METHODOLOGY.
* Literature review
The writer has used several books on relevant topics for this paper. Newspaper articles as well as reports written by eminent scholars were also referred. Dictionaries pertaining to specific subjects were used to simplify the technical words.

Mumbai, located on the west-coast of India, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra. It is also the country’s financial and industrial capital. Looking at the country’s economic growth many multinational firms started investing. Mumbai became the hub of all the investments this eventually led to the rise in the real estate prices. By the mid-nineties, real estate prices peaked and were among the highest in the world. At the same time, some of the world’s poorest live in Mumbai. According to the 1991 census estimates, over half of Mumbai’s population lived in slums. This slum population spread over around 2,500 settlements occupies 2,525 hectares, which constitutes merely 6% of city’s total land area. The slum settlements have come up on private lands (50%), State Government lands (25%), and Municipal Corporation lands (25%). The balance (5%) is spread over various Central Government and State Housing Board lands.

3. Slum Redevelopment in Mumbai
Mumbai’s slum redevelopment strategy of demolishing slums and rehabilitating the slum dwellers on the original site has been implemented through three successive redevelopment programs. Till 1970 Demolition of slums by treating them as illegal squatters. Slums reappeared. Demolitions termed inhuman by voters.  1970-1980: Slum improvement works taken up. Improvement programmes focused on...
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