The incidence , prevalence and changes over time of your issue (& current statistics) Australia has the highest rate of skin cancer in the world. The sun poses the danger of sunburn, which can permanently damage Two in every three Australians develops skin cancer at some time during their life. The skin and cause skin cancer, precancerous changes in the skin, as well as premature wrinkling and signs of aging. Exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun is a known risk factor for the development of both melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers. How is sunburn best prevented?
The best ways to avoid sunburn are to do the following:
Limit time in the sun, especially between peak sunlight hours of 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. •
Wear protective clothing, including
a broad-brimmed hat,
a shirt with sleeves that cover the arms,
a long skirt or pants with long legs.
Use a protective sunscreen to minimize the penetration of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. •
Use a water-resistant sunscreen if swimming or perspiring heavily By taking these steps you can:
minimize freckling, wrinkling and ageing of the skin
minimize the risk of eye damage
avoid sunburn and tanning
Reduce your lifetime UV exposure. Reducing lifetime exposure to UV by 20% is estimated to result in about one third fewer cases of skin cancer in Australia •
Ultimately reduce your skin cancer risk.
And decrease the chances of developing cancer
The following are some typical activities where Australians typically report sunburn and tanning: •
playing or watching sport
around water or near the snow (and high altitudes)
In the car.
attending a summertime outdoor event or festival
Consider these skin cancer facts:
some sun protective clothing
SPF 30+ sunscreen
Slap on a hat
Slide on some sunglasses
Skin cancer now accounts for over 80 per cent of all cancer diagnosed in Australia.
More than 440,000 Australians are diagnosed with skin cancer every year - 434,000 with non-melanoma skin cancer and 10,600 with melanoma. Over 1,600 people die from skin cancer each year.
Skin cancer costs the health system around $300 million each year. On a fine January day in Australia, you can get burnt in less than 15 minutes.
Each year, Australians are four times more likely to develop a common skin cancer than any other form of cancer.
Sun protection for people with naturally very dark skin
People with naturally very dark skin (known as skin type 5 or 6) still need to take care in the sun even though they may rarely, if ever, get sunburnt. 1 in 3 Victorians confused over how much sun is enough for vitamin D Wednesday 16 May 2012
New research shows almost 1 in 3 Victorians think they need the same amount of sun exposure in winter as in summer to maintain their vitamin D levels, despite ultraviolet (UV) radiation levels being so much lower in winter in Victoria. References
World Health Organisation: Ultraviolet Radiation and INTERSUN programme http://www.who.int/uv/en http://www.sunsmart.org.au/aspx/sunsmart.aspx
http://www.medicinenet.com/sun_protection_and_sunscreens/page2.htm 5. What is being done to address this issue?
Australia is the skin cancer capital of the world. More than 10,300 Australian men and women are diagnosed with a melanoma each year, and an estimated 434,000 people are treated for one or more non-melanoma skin cancers. More than 1850 Australians die from melanoma or non-melanoma skin cancer each year. Luckily, skin cancer is almost entirely preventable and high profile awareness and information campaigns telling Australians how to save their skin have been in place for several decades. But there are still a lot of misconceptions about skin...
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