Slavery originally started in Latin America and the West Indies by the French, Spanish, and Portuguese after the conquest, to replace the depopulated labor of the Indigenous people. Shortly after, slavery became a profitable enterprise for the capitalistic driven United States. Some of the principal laws and systems of slavery were the same in both regions, but others were later changed. It brought about many changes, with respect to African-Americans and black culture. Those changes had long lasting effects, not only on how blacks view and are viewed in society, but also on how the destruction of our culture influenced our current life-style today in United States and Latin America. Skin color is still an important factor in today’s society, due to the sociological affects from slavery, which started over 500 years ago.
After the conquest, Latin America was referred to as the New World, attained through mayhem. The Spanish and Portuguese army was no match for the Indigenous people. The Inca Curacas and the Aztec Tlatoani administered forced labor, classified as Accion Civica Repubicla (civic service to the republic), and brutal treatment of the crown’s appointed Corregidores on the Indians. Before the Africans came, the Indigenous’ society was destroyed and depopulated through violence, along with disease. Due to the depopulation, the slaves were brought from areas of Africa. They were considered more durable and prone to European disease. Slavery was common in most highly civilized societies that already existed. The Spaniard’s Asiento system delivered vast amounts of slaves to the Americas, which became the leading export from Africa. It became a highly profitable business. They shipped the first African slaves to Santo Domingo around 1501, then later to Brazil, to work in the sugar plantations. As time progressed, slaves also worked in the Gold mines, cattle ranches, and large... [continues]
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