skin disorders

Topics: Inflammation, Skin, Eczema Pages: 5 (2065 words) Published: July 22, 2014
List of skin conditions

Acne A common inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous (oil secreting) glands of the skin causing inflamed red pimples on the face and neck. Most people affected by acne are aged between 12 and 25. However, men and women in their 30s and 40s can also suffer. There are many treatments available to help deal with the condition. Alopecia Alopecia means sudden hair loss. There are many different causes and patterns of hair loss. Any area can be involved including eyebrows and eyelashes. Athletes foot

A fungus infection of the foot sometimes known as tinea pedis or ringworm of the foot. The fungus is contracted from public places and then grows in the warm and moist environment of your footwear. Birthmarks (Naevus)

Birthmarks are darker or coloured patches on the skin that are either present at birth, or develop very soon afterwards the most common of which is known as the “strawberry” birthmark. Most birthmarks are harmless and don't need any treatment. However, occasionally there are medical reasons that mean it's necessary for the birthmark to be treated. You may also wish to have treatment for cosmetic reasons. Blackheads

Dried plugs of fatty material in the ducts of the sebaceous (oil secreting) glands of the skin causing a black colour at the surface of the plugs. Blackheads should never be squeezed as this increases the risk of infection. Blisters

Blisters are the outpouring of fluid under the outer layer of the skin as a result of local damage. They are often caused by friction on tender skin (on the hands from unusual physical work or on the feet by ill fitting shoes) by heat (as in burns and scalds) and also by irritating chemicals. Blisters should be kept clean to avoid infection. Boils

Boils are painful red swelling in the skin caused by a bacterial infection of a hair follicle or sweat gland. They are contagious via the pus (bacterial) and therefore if left untreated could development into further boils or in extreme cases to blood poisoning. Bowen's Disease

Bowen’s disease is a rare skin growth, which is confined to the outer layer of the skin. It usually appears as a slow-growing red and scaly patch. Occasionally Bowen’s disease can become cancerous. Bullous pemphigoid (BP)

Bullous pemphigoid is a chronic blistering of the skin. It can range from small mild itchy welts to severe blisters and infection, and can be confined to a small area of the body or be widespread. Most of those affected are elderly, but it has been seen at all ages. Burns

Damage caused to the skin by either dry or wet heat. The severity of burns is assessed by the amount of skin that is damaged. First degree burns cause reddening of the skin and affect the top layer of the skin only, second degree burns cause the formation of blisters and third degree burns destroy the full skin thickness leaving the area looking white or charred. Carbuncle

Carbuncles are large boils with multiple openings which usually appear where the skin is thick in particular the back of the neck. They can reach the size of an apple and cause severe pain, fever and general feeling of being unwell. Cellulitis

A severe infection of the skin and the tissues beneath it. The infection spreads through the tissues producing pus with accompanying pain and discomfort. The toxins released by the infection produce fever and general feeling of being unwell. Chilblains

Chilblains appear as hot, red, swollen patches of itchy skin on toes, feet, fingers and hands after exposure to extreme cold and/or moisture. Normally they will go of their own accord after a few days but occasionally they can become chronic causing discoloration of the skin and painful blisters containing blood stained fluid followed by ulceration. Cysts

A sac or pouch within the body, usually filled with fluid.
Darier's disease
Darier’s disease is a very rare genetic skin condition, where the skin in certain areas develops numbers of small brownish bumps containing pus It...
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