Skin cancer is a disease where cancer (malignant) cells are found on the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). The three types of cells found in the epidermis are squamous cells, basal cells, and melanocytes. These cells in time grow to be cancerous. Thus, the three types of skin cancers are squamous cell, basal cell, and melanoma. Melanoma is the most deadliest and destructive type of cancer. ("Skin Cancer" infotrac.com) The number of people with melanoma has risen in Scotland from 3.5 in 1979 to 10.6 per 100,000 in 1998 for men and 7.0 to 13.1 for women. (Miller 945) Squamous cell and Basal cell skin cancer can kill up to 2,200 people a year in the United States. (Sommerfield SIRS.com) Basal cell, being the most common type of skin cancer, is the cancer that about 75 percent of the people have. ("Skin Cancer " infotrac.com) Melanoma is mostly seen in older men but ever since tanning came in during the 1970's, it has increased in women 60 percent around the ages 15-29 over the past three decades.(Sommerfield SIRS.com) "And basal cell and squamous cell cancers are increasing at a rate of about 5 percent per year"(Sommerfield SIRS.com).
Skin Cancer is caused by hereditary factors, overexposure to the sun, and weak immune systems. ("Skin Cancer" infotrac.com) One reason people...