Skeletal System and the Muscular System

Topics: Human anatomy, Skeletal system, Human skeleton Pages: 8 (2693 words) Published: March 12, 2013
Anatomy and Physiology
In this assignment i will carry full investigation and analysis on the Skeletal system,using my class notes,researching on the internet and reading books. The Skeletal system is the system of bones, associated cartilages and joints of human body. Together these structures form the human skeleton. Skeleton can be defined as the hard framework of human body around which the entire body is built. Almost all the hard parts of human body are components of human skeletal system. Joints are very important because they make the hard and rigid skeleton allow different types of movements at different locations. If the skeleton were without joints, no movement would have taken place and the significance of human body; no more than a stone.

My aim in this assignment in anatomy and physiology is to investigate and learn about the relationship between the skeletal system and the muscular system .I will explain in detail what the skeletal and muscular system is nd lso will investigate one injury of the musculoskeletal system and will examine the symptoms and treatment of the specific injury .

The Skeletal System-The Skeletal system has very important functions , Support, Protection, Assisting in Movement, Storage in minerals,blood cell production . Support-The human skeleton provides us with a means of support, if we didn’t have a skeletal structure for support of the body we wouldn’t be able to stand up or move about and perform actions. The skeleton is the frame for which all other body parts are held together by and provide the necessary support. Protection-The skeleton provides us with protection for our major organs and prevents organ damage. For example the rib cage houses the lungs and heart and protects them from damage and provides support, the bones around major organs are designed to house and protect. The reason for this is any damage to an organ can be fatal. Movement-The skeleton provides us with a structure to which muscles are connected to via ligaments and tendons, the design of the skeleton allows us to move about and provides a means of movement with ease,The skeleton is what allows the muscles in the body to move in various ways by the connecting part of the muscle pulling on the bone to contract the muscle and allow for movement.

Mineral Storage
The skeleton stores minerals for the body, the minerals that it stores include Calcium, Potassium, Manganese, Magnesium, Silica, Iron, Zinc, Selenium, Boron Sulphur and Chromium. Blood Cell Production (Red)

The skeleton produces red blood cells for the body. One quarter of the cells in the human body are red blood cells. Red blood cells are vital because they allow nutrients to be transported in the blood stream, so the skeleton plays a major role in the nutritional side of survival that we need to survive.

Components of Human Skeleton:

Human skeleton is composed of three main components; Bones, Associated cartilages and Joints. Bones:
There is 206 bones in the body.Bone is a tough and rigid form of connective tissue. It is the weight bearing organ of human body and it is responsible for almost all strength of human skeleton. For more details visit: Basic anatomy article; “Bone“. Cartilages:

Cartilage is also a form of connective tissue but is not as tough and rigid as bone. The main difference in the cartilage and bone is the mineralization factor. Bones are highly mineralized with calcium salts while cartilages are not. For more details visit: Basic anatomy article; “Cartilage and its types. Joints:

Joints are important components of human skeleton because they make the human skeleton mobile. A joint occurs between “two or more bones”, “bone and cartilage” and “cartilage and cartilage”.

Divisions of Human Skeleton:

Human skeleton can be divided into two divisions.
Axial Skeleton:
Axial skeleton forms the axis of human body. It consists of Skull, vertebral column and thoracic...
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