The 206 bones of the skeletal system provide a strong framework upon which muscles, tissues and organs can attach. This structure also protects your internal organs and allows your body to move around freely. Like any other body system, however, disease can affect your skeletal system.
Arthritis is an inflammatory condition that affects your joints, such as the knees, or a portion of your spinal column. Typical symptoms of this condition include joint pain, swelling and stiffness accompanied by a reduction in the ability to freely move your joints. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common types of this disease.
Bone cancer, though uncommon, is cancer that originates within a bone of your body causing bones to weaken. Individuals with bone cancer may experience fatigue, bone pain or frequent bone fractures.Though any bone can be affected by cancer, bone cancer most frequently occurs in longer bones, such as those in your legs or arms.
Leukemia is a form of cancer that originates in the bone marrow and affects the lymphatic system. This disease results in the formation of abnormal, malfunctioning white blood cells, which interferes with the ability of your body to fight infection. There are four major types of leukemia: acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia and chronic myelogenous leukemia.
Osteomalacia is a disease that leads to a softening and weakening of your bone tissue. This disease, which in children is also called rickets, is typically caused by prolonged vitamin D deficiency.
Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become brittle and weak due to the extensive loss of bone tissue. Though the cause of osteoporosis is poorly understood, researchers believe that the bone remodeling process that occurs in healthy individuals is interrupted in individuals with...