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University of Fribourg Information Systems Research Group Seminar work on E-government

Case Studies on E-Voting

Students: Daniele Cavadini Lorenzo Cimasoni

Professor: Dr. Andreas Meier

Assistant: Nicolas Werro

Autumn Semester 2007

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Contents
1 Introduction 1.1 Objective and problem definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Case Studies 2.1 E-Voting in Switzerland . . . . 2.1.1 Introduction . . . . . . 2.1.2 Geneva Pilot Project . . 2.1.3 Neuchˆtel Pilot Project a 2.1.4 Zurich Pilot Project . . 2.2 E-Voting in UK . . . . . . . . . 2.2.1 Tested methods . . . . . 2.2.2 Security / Control . . . 2.2.3 Problems . . . . . . . . 2.3 E-Voting in Estonia . . . . . . 2.3.1 Introduction . . . . . . 2.3.2 System definition . . . . 2.4 E-Voting in USA . . . . . . . . 2.4.1 The SERVE project . . 2.4.2 Remarks . . . . . . . . . 3 Conclusions 3.1 Security . . . . . . 3.2 Political choice . . 3.3 Internet evolution . 3.4 Considerations . . Bibliography 2 2 2 4 4 4 6 10 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 17 17 18 18 18 19 19 19 21

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1

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1.1

Introduction
Objective and problem definition

The aim of this Seminar is to give a wide overview on a specific E-Government topic, E-Voting, analysing the most interesting case studies and giving as far as possible a wide overview from technical to political perspective. E-Voting has been attracting a lot of interest during the past years trained by the will of many countries to develop E-Government and EDemocracy systems. The interest of E-Voting is spread at different level of the society, governments, parliaments, electorate, academic and industry are in different way attracted in this argument. In different countries the interest in E-Voting is growing very fast. The number of E-Voting tests that take place is also growing with different approach and motivation for each country. With those test is possible to learn new interesting lesson, share the different project and try to create a really valid E-Voting system. There are some categories that E-Voting tests can be divided, there are private pilot project, countries that tried with difficulties to introduce EVoting (H, SLO, US, ...), academic works with field test (D, A) and election administrations of countries, regions or municipalities with advanced pilots (CH, UK, EST). Another point to take in consideration is that is possible to subdivide the E-Voting term in 2 different concept: • E-Voting supervised by representatives of governmental with electronic voting machines at the polling stations • E-Voting not physically supervised, like voting from a computer via the internet, by mobile phones (using SMS), via Digital TV, or at public kiosks. This last method can also be called Remote E-Voting, or Internet Voting. The EVE1 research program revealed that Internet voting has been considered by countries which had already modernised their voting system (Figure 1) with measures such as the installation of voting machines in polling stations, the introduction of postal voting or the use of Internet in election or voting campaigns.

1.2

Proceeding

The...
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