Situation Analysis of Eastern Samar Province
For Micro and Small Enterprise Development Investments
Eastern Samar has a population of 320,637 with 50% of its population are farmers, 12% are agricultural workers and 10% are fishermen. Out of 433,945 hectares of land, 69% of which are forest land, 15% are planted to coconuts and only 1% are for rice production the 18% of it are for other agricultural purposes, 2% of the municipalities are coastal areas. There are two routes on how to go to Eastern Samar: the first one is through an 8 hour ride via the highway of Western Samar and travel through the long, bumpy road of Eastern Samar until you reached Borongan, the capital of eastern Samar. The alternative route is a half-day’s boat ride from Tacloban City to Guiuan and then take the road to the capital of the province.
The different industries embodying Eastern Samar are as follows: rice which 20% of 18,065 hectares are actively cultivated; rootcrop; fish and marine products; livestock and poultry; logging; mineral and coconut where 75% of people’s income came from. As we can see, Estehanons are rich in natural resources however their production techniques are backward. They manage to produce enough to sustain their survival needs. The reported income registered the lowest in the entire island of Samar. However, their literacy rate goes up to 79.8% and better-off families send their children to Manila for education.
Rice Millers in Eastern Samar is not enough and there are four communal irrigation systems and presently, all are not functional. Coconut lands and even rice lands are farmer-owned with an average of two hectares each. Though, the coconut is the backbone of the provincial economy, Eastern Samar does not have a coconut mill of its own. The province had an elaborate distribution network for copra trading, all en route to Tacloban City. Nuts are harvested three to four times yearly and their meats are bigger and thicker because of the steady...
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