September 21, 2010
Sir Robert Peel Review
Each new movement in American law enforcement it is presumed to be new, not relating to the past history from which it came; which is not the case. It is said that “those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it (Patterson, 1995-2010)”. Many may not have this knowledge, but Sir Robert Peel had an endeavoring impact on American policing and its history. Who is Sir Robert Peel? What is American policing and history? What is the impact he created on American policing and history? Law enforcement agencies and officers should read up on their history because it exposes the claims of community supporters and cautions about forgetting past lessons. “It shows us that calls to change the way the police operate have been a constant theme from the very beginning of municipal policing (Patterson, 1995-2010)”. * Robert Peel was born on February 5th, 1788. Growing up as a child Robert was very well educated and groomed to be a politician of the future. At the age of twenty-one Roberts’ father Sir Robert Peel applauded his academic achievements by purchasing him a seat in parliament; the seat of Cashel in County Tipperary. In April of 1809 Robert Peel joined the House of Commons, and after one short year he was offered the job of under-secretary of war and the colonies; during his duties Peel aided the direction of military operations. Later in Sir Robert Peel’s career he was selected for chief secretary of Ireland, which is where he not only tried to stop the Irish government corruption, but the government bias to preference, the selling of government offices, as well as civil servants dismissals. Sir Robert Peel decided to retire from his post in Ireland 1817 because he was unsuccessful in fulfilling his policy as chief secretary. Five years later Peel rejoined when he took the post to become Home Secretary of Ireland. During his post as Home Secretary Peel reformed the legal system, and repealed more than 250 old statutes. In 1829 Robert Peel made the decision to reorganize the work of the police in London due to the problems they had with law and order. Peel’s reorder brought about a police force known as “bobbies”. Peel was completely opposed to the idea of parliamentary, and from July 12th through July 27th, 1831 he gave over forty speeches against the idea. Soon after in 1832 Peel became the leader of the Tories, and in 1834 he was appointed as the new prime minister as well as chosen to create a new administration. April 8th, 1835 Peel resigned for reasons that the voting was not in his favor. Again in 1841 Robert Peel returned to form the Conservative administration, and March 11th, 1842 he introduced income-tax and reduced duties on imported goods; although Peel was forced to resign in 1846 because of a split policy in the Conservative Party. Throughout the last years of his life Peel still provided support and advice to some within the House of Commons until his untimely death on July 2nd, 1850. * “Meanwhile, across the Atlantic, American policing developed where most major U.S. cities had established municipal police departments by the Civil War (Patterson, 1995-2010)”. Officers in America carried guns with captains chosen to supervise them, yet they were held at much lower esteem by the surrounding communities they served and protected. During the beginning of the century the practice of professionalism in law enforcement began as a core element in the rehabilitation of politics. State police organizations were created as a result State takeovers because of a corrupt and brutal local police force within some cities. In 1893, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) was founded calling for a civil service personnel system to be put into place and also for the centralizing with people of power in high positions to maintain captains in the precinct from a political...