The Evolution of the Police Force
The purpose of law enforcement is to protect and serve the citizens in the community. Law enforcers are responsible for crime control in a community by apprehending the individuals who commit crimes and making sure that he or she receives the appropriate punishment for those crimes. Before there were police officers patrolling the streets, individuals in the military served as law enforcers. In ancient Rome, Emperors’ guards were responsible for supervising the community. The people of England formed groups called tithings that consisted of a group of 10 families and each tithing was responsible for maintaining order within that group. Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet formally established a police force in 1829. After that police have existed and evolved for many of years. The model of fighting crime and upholding the law that Peel created, spread throughout the United States and other countries. Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet was born in 1788 in Bury, Lancashire, England to parents who were financially established. His father, Sir Robert Peel, 1st Baronet was a member of Parliament and one of the richest textile manufacturers of the early Industrial Revolution. Sir Robert Peel,2nd Baronet begin his studies at Hipperholme Grammar School and completed his education at Christ Church, Oxford where he double majored in classics and mathematics. In 1809 at 21, Peel began his influence in parliament as a Tory. Peel was different from other well known Tory players. Contemporaries found him either shy or supercilious, nakedly ambitious, defensive about both his origins and his light Lancashire accent. Like many insecure but clever folk, he tended to believe that those he disagreed with were either stupid or malign (Evans, 2010). From 1812 -1818 Peel served as chief secretary for Ireland. While working as chief secretary he formed a police force to help maintain order and he fought against the Irish wanting to split from the Catholic...
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