Sir Robert Peel

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  • Topic: Robert Peel, Police, Metropolitan Police Service
  • Pages : 3 (732 words )
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  • Published : July 9, 2011
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Who is Sir Robert Peel
Sir Robert Peel (1788-1850) is an English statesman who was born into wealth on February 5, 1788, at Lancashire, England. Peel’s father was one of the most successful manufactures in England and also served in the Parliament. Sir Robert Peel was known as a scholar. His father provided him with an aristocratic education at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford. “Peel was the first scholar in the history of the university to graduate with first-class honors both in the classics and in mathematics.” He served as close aide to is also known as the “father” of modern policing and is credited with creating the London Metropolitan Police in 1829. This act created the policies and procedures which still constitute the mission, strategy, and organizational structure of most modern police forces in the free world (p. 181). Peel’s Career

Sir Robert Peel served in a variety of positions within Great Britain’s Parliament and government positions. Due to the connections of his father, Peel started his government career in 1809, as undersecretary for war and colonies at the young age of 22. Three years later when his protégé, Lord Liverpool, became Prime Minister of Great Britain, Peel became the chief secretary for Ireland. In 1817, “Oxford conferred on Peel its highest honor by electing him to one of the university’s two parliamentary seats.” Peel went on to serve as home secretary and finally as Prime Minister (p. 182). Metropolitan Police Act of 1829

It is during Peel’s tenure as home secretary, that he developed and passed the Metropolitan Police Act in 1829 which established the London police force and the overall structure and polices which are still used by police forces world-wide today. Interestingly enough, the London police force officers were initially called “Peelers” or “Bobbies,” after Sir Robert “Bobbie” Peel, and the moniker, “Bobbie,” is still widely used today to identify police in Great Britain. Peel’s act created...
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