Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

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“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” (102) is a speech given in a house of worship where Jonathan Edwards connects logical instances and literary rhetoric to attract and maintain the attention of his congregation. Edwards uses imagery to portray images of water, air, and fire, and to paint a picture. “…to see so many rejoicing…while you have cause to mourn for sorrow of heart”(106) casts fear upon the listeners and persuades them into his point of view, an “angry” god. In order to develop a positive relationship with unity between him and the multitude, Edwards uses diction and promises “…an opportunity to obtain salvation”(105) to re-engage listeners.

Jonathan Edwards utilizes figures of speech to enhance the two tones. The author uses imagery to express a fearful situation, describing to the people how in hell "..the pit is prepared, the fire is made ready, the furnace is now hot....". This can very well serve as a threatening aspect because the use of imagery indicates that all the information is imperative in depicting the horrid thought. Also portraying an intimidating tone, the apostrophe that describes how hell awaits all sinners with eagerness and how "...the devil is waiting for them, hell is gaping for them, the flames gather and flash about them, and would fain lay hold on them...." The use of an apostrophe is practical because it is threatening to know that everything will have such an impact on what is repeated at the end of every sentence. Imagery plays a role describing the mercy stricken sinners who have changed their mood and their hearts are now "...filled with love to him who has loved them...." This rhetoric emphasizes how compassion is shown by love.

The author uses pervasive figurative language to suggest the condemning tone as well as the merciful. Edwards describes how the pit of hell ."..opened its mouth...." This is personification that suggests it is a monstrous place that can just swallow up the sinner in an...
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