Singapore Cultural Research

Topics: Singapore, Malaysia, Southeast Asia Pages: 7 (1737 words) Published: July 18, 2011
My research paper will explain Singapore’s history, kinship and beliefs-values. Each

section will have own examples and explanations regarding Singapore’s culture.

Singapore was an important trading center and port as early as the seventh century. By the

fourteenth century Chinese immigrants had established a small community on the island, and the

name Singapura, a word of Sanskrit origin meaning Lion City, was in common use. After

Portugal wrested control of the region from Malaccan and Malay rulers in the sixteenth and early

seventeenth centuries, Singapore fell into obscurity. Modern Singapore dated from the discovery

of the island’s superb natural port in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles, an officer of the British East

India Company.

The East India Company, seeking to forestall colonial advances by Holland and France,

was insearch of a base at the strategic southern tip of the Malay Peninsula that would complement

the nearby British posts at Penang and Malacca . Raffles instantly recognized the tradingpotential

of the site, which he predicted would become“a place of considerable magnitude an importance”

and “the emporium of the seven seas.” He settled a treaty the next day with a local sultan and

established an outpost.

However Singapore has been ruled by other countries, they managed to develop powerful

economy. Because of geography location , Singapore’s ports are developed’’ Entrepot’’ (transit

port for other countries) economy. Not only they have transit port(entrepot) but also Singapore

has insurance, shipping, banking, export and import services to ship companies and other global

banks. During 1860’s Suez Canal opened and Singapore used this advantage very good, rapidly

it became one of the most important port in the area. This rapid change captured England

attention . British army started to establish in Singapore in 1923’s and during Second World War

it had become British biggest army-air force base in Asia .

Of course economic development has brought diversity from other countries. As matter fact

it’s region and history are the reason of big diversity. Singapore has mix nations of Malay,

Chinese, Malay, Indian, European immigrants. the culture of Singapore expresses the diversity of

the population as the various ethnic groups continue to celebrate their own cultures while they

intermingle with one another.

Population of Singapore is 4,740,737 (July 2011 est.) 0-14 years: 13.8% (male 338,419/female 314,704)15-64 years: 77% (male 1,774,444/female 1,874,985)65 years and over: 9.2% (male 196,101/female 242,084) (2011 est.). %76.8 Chinese descendent,%13.9 Malay % 7.9 Indians Population, rest of is minority. Most of people live in urban city , only %25 is in village and suburbs. Big majority of population is Chinese , they use five different dialect which are Hokkien, Cantonese, Teochev, Hainanese and Hakka. Their religions are Buddhism, Taoism. On the other hand, second largest grup is who talks Malay are Muslim, they are %7 of total the population. Because of this diversity they live all together and

For example, one can find a nice wedding taking place beside a some other event may going on

on the ground floor of a HDB apartment block. This can be said to be due to the policies of the HDB

which tried to make sure all public housing have a diverse mix of races. However, Singapore has

achieved a significant degree of cultural diffusion with its unique combination of these ethnic groups, and

has given Singapore a rich mixture of diversity for its young age.

Singapore has several distinct ethnic neighborhoods, including Little India, Chinatown and Kampong Glam, formed by the Raffles Plan of Singapore in the early 19th century to segregate the new immigrants into specific areas. Although the population are no longer segregated...
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