Simple Clause

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  • Topic: Subject, Transitive verb, Intransitive verb
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  • Published : May 21, 2013
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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background
Sentence, either it is simple or complex sentences, are always containaining at least one verb. Sentence is now lately called clause. Futhermore, a clause that consits of one verb is called simple clause and a clause that consits of more than one verb is called complex clause. To complete the meaning of a sentence, the elements object (consists of noun or noun pharase), complement, and adjunct (place) should be added because some verbs needs complementations to make the clause makes sense. However, there are some verbs that do not need complementations since the verbs are intransitive verbs. 1.2 Topic

The paper topic is about complementations on simple clauses. 1.3 Data Soure
The data source was taken from internet that is a short story. The title of the short story is ‘Thumbelina’. 1.4 Aim
The aims of this paper is to look for some examples from any literary genres or mass media, which is, in this paper is a short story. Each example consists of at least three examples. 1.5 Significance

There are some significances that are expected from this paper, such as the improvement of English skill, especially in grammar, due to the writing of this paper. Moreover, problemes that are found while writing or looking the examples can be solved. 1.6 Problem

There are some problems that are found during the writing of this paper, for example, it is hard enough to find the examples of every clause types in newspaper articles. If the short articles are used, it is possible to use more than one article. Therefore, short story was chosen because it is easier to find the examples of the seven clause types. Moreover, during the searching process of examples, it is quite hard to distinguish between object and complement. However, the problem is solved due to the process since there are many examples that clearly show the difference between them. 1.7 Scope and Limitation

The scope of this paper is limited about complementations on simple clauses.

CHAPTER II
DESCRIPTION

The Simple Sentence
Simple sentence is a sentence that consists of only one clause, therefore it is called simple caluse. One clause means that it only has one verb. Elements such as verbs and objects are constituents of sentences and also of clauses within sentences. Concentrating on those elements that are normally obligatory, it can be distinguished seven clause types. 1) SVA S Vintens Aplace

The pattern consists of a noun or noun phrase as subject (S), an intensive verb (Vintens), and an adjunct place (Aplace). 2) SVC S Vintens Cs
The pattern consists of a noun or noun phrase as subject (S), an intensive verb (Vintens), and a subject complement (Cs). 3) SVO S Vmonotrans Od
The pattern consists of a noun or noun phrase as subject (S), a monotransitive verb (Vmonotrans), and direct object (Od). 4) SVOA S Vcomplex trans Od Aplace
It consits of a noun or noun phrase as subject (S), a complex transitive verb (Vcomplex trans), a direct object (Od), and an adjunct place (Aplace). 5) SVOC S Vcomplex trans Od Co
It consists of a nun or noun phrase as subject (S), a complex transitive verb (Vcomplex trans), a direct object (Od), and an object complement (Co). 6) SVOO S Vditrans Oi Od
It consists of a noun or noun phrase as subject (S), a ditransitive verb (Vditrans), an indirect object (Oi), and a direct object (Od). The ditransitive verb in this pattern needs two object, those are an indirect object and direct object. 7) SV S Vintrans

It consists of a noun or noun phrase as subject (S) and an intransitive verb (Vintrans). The intransitive verb in this pattern does not need any complementation. Complementation
The elements Od, C, and A in the above patterns are obligatory elements of clause structures in the sense that they are required for the complementation of the verb. It means that, given the use of a particular verb in a particular sense, the sentence is incomplete...
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