Similarities and Differences Between Ethical Theories
Ethical theories are based on explained ethical principles. There are three major ethical theories: virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. in this paper the similarities and diffrences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. The meaning of virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics would need to be defined in order to be able to distiguish the similarities and diffrences. The virtue theory judges a person by character instead of the action deviate from thier normal behavior. It takes the individual motivation moral reputation are taken into account when rating unusual behavior. One weakness for the virtue theory is that it does not take into consideration a individual's change in moral character. The ability to predict the consequences of an action would be considered the utilitarian ethical theory. This theory can compare predicted solutions and use a point system to chose which choice is beneficial for more people. Rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism theories that contain a numerous flaws. The act utilitarianism is not always concerned with beneficence, justice, or autonomy for person if oppressing the person leads to a solution that would benefit the majority of people. The rule utilitarians, the possibility of no ethically correct answer may occur. Where as with the deontological theory states that an individual should adhere to their duties and obligations when analyzing ethical situations. This means that an individual will follow their society or another individual becuase upholding an individual duty is my co-worker at work calls in and states that their scheduled shift because their sick. So the supervisor tells everyone that is on my team that we all will have to work late because we all have to finish the work of the co-worker that called out. Another co-worker decides that there is no need for everyone to have to work late, So they...
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