Written Explanation Esmeralda Vargas Atomic Model Project
What is an atom? An atom is the basic unit of a chemical element, but, did you know what an atom is made out of even smaller particles? An atom is made out of protons, neutrons, and electrons. Aside from that, inside an atom there is a nucleus, and there are also 3 energy levels. Let's start with the nucleus, the nucleus is the very small center core of an atom. The nucleus is located inside the atom, In the center. Within the nucleus, is a group of smaller particles called protons and neutrons. Protons are positive electric charge located inside the nucleus. Neutrons are neutral electric charge or have no charge and are located inside the nucleus with the protons. Now, outside the nucleus, there are 3 energy levels or 3 rings that surround the nucleus and that contain electrons. Electrons are negative electric charges that are located in the energy levels and move rapidly around the nucleus. There are 3 energy levels, 1st,2nd, and 3rd energy levels that can only contain a maxim amount of electrons. The 1st energy level that is closest to the nucleus can only contain 2 electrons maximum. The 2nd energy level is right after the 1st and can only contain 8 electrons maximum and the 3rd energy level is after the 2nd and can only contain 8 electrons maximum too. The positive protons in the nucleus and the negative electrons in the atom balance out each other making the atom neutral and balanced.
I choose silver as my element for my project, but how did I know how to create it you may ask? In order to make a model of an atom you must know certain information that is conveniently given to you in the periodic table of elements to determine the atomic structure of the atom. You need to...
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