Significance of Psychosocial Competence in Youth

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Significance of Psychosocial Competence in Youth

Executive Summary
Stress is one of the top ten health concerns in adolescence and is getting worse. Adolescents experience many changes in their daily lives, however are not sufficiently equipped with skills to help them deal with the increased demands and stress they experience (World Health Organization, 1997). Psychosocial competence in youth was researched in order to better understand their abilities to make the best choice as related to mental, emotional, and physical challenges they experience. This report will examine the significance of psychosocial competence in adolescents, and its relationship to functioning effectively. Furthermore, research reviewed the encouragement of psychosocial competence through life skills training and its positive effects on the fundamental roles in an adolescent’s life.

Significance of Psychosocial Competence in Youth
A considerable component to growing up is dealing with change. Adolescents experience many changes following the ebb and flow of their daily lives and with those changes demands choices, for better or for worse. Studying the aspects of these changes gives insight into the dynamics of choice and how adolescents respond to them. Psychosocial competence in youth was researched in order to better understand their abilities to make the best choice as related to mental, emotional, and physical challenges they experience. This report will examine the significance of psychosocial competence in adolescents, and its relationship to functioning effectively. Furthermore, research reviewed the encouragement of psychosocial competence through life skills training and its positive effects on the fundamental roles in an adolescent’s life. Definitions

Psychosocial competence is a person’s ability to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. It is a person’s ability to maintain a state of mental well-being and to demonstrate this in adaptive and positive behavior while interacting with others and their environment (World Health Organization, 1997). Discussion

Significance of Psychosocial Competence in Adolescents
There is growing recognition that with the rapid rate of social change, many adolescents are not sufficiently equipped with skills to help them deal with the increased demands and stress they experience in their lives (WHO, 1997). Research indicates that psychosocial competence is an important attribute for adolescents because of the negative behavior and internalized distress that happen as a result of inadequate skills (Tyler, 1993). Stress is one of the top ten health concerns in adolescence and it’s getting worse (Archer). Stress is characterized by an individual’s feelings and response to difficulties or challenges in conjunction with their ability to handle and resolve the issues (Clarke, 2006). A significant number of teens frequently experience stress and worry in their lives. The two frequent areas of stress happen at school and home (Archer). The common sources of adolescent stress are school work, parents, romantic relationships, friends’ problems, and younger siblings (Chandra, 2006). Thus, the needs to provide stress management and youth development programs have been recommended (Chandra, 2006; Clarke, 2006; WHO, 1997). Psychosocial Competence and Functioning Effectively

The ability to cope adaptively with life’s stressors is an important development function (Clark, 2006) and a key component to psychosocial competence (WHO, 1997). Adolescents can develop coping strategies by learning assertive communication and problem-solving skills. For example, adolescents can learn and practice skills to: define the problem; think of various solutions to the problem; weigh up advantages and disadvantages of each; choose the most appropriate solution and plan how to carry it out (WHO, 1997). These coping strategies have proven to enhance mental well-being and positive...
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