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FAMOUS AS: Neurologist, Psychotherapist
BORN ON: 06 May 1856 AD
BORN IN: Moravia, Austrian Empire
DIED ON: 23 September 1939 AD
WORKS & ACHIEVEMENTS: Known for his research and discovery on the subject of Psychoanalysis. Some of his notable achievements have been the practice of transference and being accorded a place at the Royal Society of London. And Admire Sigmund Freud
The father of Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud made a significant contribution in the world of medical science in the department of psychology. In the early twentieth century, Freud's contribution in the domain of neurology and psychotherapy changed the world's perception of the medical scene. Known for his inventive mind and his will power to define the helms of science, Sigmund Freud was a living legend in his own right. He articulated the science behind unconsciousness, repression and infantile sexuality. He went on to discover the 'tripartite' version of the mind and designed various mechanisms and frames that would ultimately help in studying the balance and the psychological development of the human mind. Nearly all of his works exist and are recognizable today. He also had massive influence over the fields of anthropology and semiotics. Apart from being a neurologist and a psychoanalyst, he was a fluid essayist and explained dreams and the discovery of transference. Although there have been countless critics who disowned Freud's work for being highly sexist and unrealistic, there were many positive remarks about his discoveries and some even compared his works to those of Aquinas and Plato. Childhood And Early Life
Sigmund Freud was born in the town of Freiburg, Moravia on 6th May 1856 to Jacob Freud and Amalie, who were Jewish by descent. He was the first of the eight children and that made him a favorite with his parents. Despite being wool merchants, the Freud family was fairly impoverished. From a very young age, Junior Freud was always displeased with the fact that he was born a Jew and did not pay too much respect to his religious practices. Freud’s parents decided to give the boy schooling and a good education but eventually move to Vienna after suffering huge business losses. Sigmund Freud enrolled at a school in 1865 and later, went on to graduate from Matura in 1873 with accolades and recognition from the institute. Freud took a particular liking towards language and literature and was already a multi-linguist at an early age. He could proficiently converse, read and write in a variety of languages such as Italian, Spanish, German, French and Hebrew to name a few. He was greatly moved and influenced by the works of Shakespeare and this is how he was said to have inculcated an interest for psychology from a tender age. The underlying concepts and theories of Shakespearean plays got him to ponder over various aspects that he would later identify and relate to psychology. At the age of 17, he enrolled at the University of Vienna where he studied medical sciences under prominent names such as Karl Claus, Ernst Brucke and Franz Brentano. Zoology, physiology and philosophy became an inevitable part of his life. He enjoyed science and acquired a taste for Zoology after dissecting a couple of Eels at his research station situated in Trieste. He successfully graduated from the University of Vienna in the year 1881, and went on to begin his career.
His career commenced with the “Theodor Meynert” psychiatric clinic at Vienne Hospital right after he graduated with an MD. After a brief stint at the general hospital, he decided to start his own venture that focused primarily on ‘mental and nervous disorders’. Freud had studied ‘hypnosis and psychopathology’ in the year 1885 and he began to practice the art of ‘hypnosis’ on his patients in his clinic. He was greatly influenced by the methods used by his former colleague and friend Joseph Breuer in the process of hypnotism. He...