Sidney’s Achievement as a Classicist Who Was a Romantic in Spirit.

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Sir Philip Sidney can be considered as a “Romantic Classicist” according to his An Apology for Poetry. But before analyzing this term we would have a glance of “Classicism” and “Romanticism”.  Classicism refers to the appreciation and imitation of Greek and Roman literature, art, and architecture. Although the term is normally used to describe art derived from ancient influences, it can also mean excellence, high artistic quality, and conservatism. Classical art encompasses antiquity and later works inspired by it, the latter normally referred to as Neoclassical. Adherence to traditional aesthetic formalities was favored over expressionism and individuality. Classic art is distinguished by clarity, order, balance, unity, symmetry and dignity. The first major classic revival occurred during the Renaissance period in Italy. In the 18th century, the Neo-classical movement was established following the archaeological discovery of ancient ruins at Herculaneum and Pompeii. The style’s leading artists included Michelangelo, Raphael, Correggio, and Mantegna during the Renaissance and Mengs and Winckelman during the Neo-classical period. On the other hand, romanticism refers to a movement in European art, music, and literature in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, characterized by an emphasis on feeling and content rather than order and form, on the sublime, supernatural, and exotic, and the free expression of the passions and individuality. Romanticism began in the early 19th century and radically changed the way people perceived themselves and the state of nature around them. Unlike classicism, which stood for order and established the foundation for architecture, literature, painting and music, Romanticism allowed people to get away from the constricted, rational views of life and concentrate on an emotional and sentimental side of humanity. This not only influenced political doctrines and ideology, but was also a sharp contrast from ideas and also it is a healthy...
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