Should Abortion Be Legalized

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Should abortion be legalized? Abortion has become one of the most socially divisive and debatable issue. It has produced a huge controversy all over the world. So, should we consider ethics, moral values, religion and illegalize abortion? Is abortion violating human rights?

Abortion can be done in two ways, taking the abortion pills or undergo the in-clinic abortion. One of the mostly used abortion pill which is also known as medication abortion is the RU-486. It is only effective if the patient takes it within 63 days after her last period. However, in some cases which it doesn’t work and pregnancy continues, it leads to serious birth defects. As for the in-clinic abortion, the most common is called the Vacuum Aspiration which is used within 16 weeks of pregnancy while the Dilation and Evacuation is used for pregnancy that has exceeded 16 weeks. Both of the ways are very effective but that the risk of death from abortion will increase as the duration of pregnancy increases. Needless to say, abortion has its consequences and risks such as post abortion syndrome, complications and dies during the abortion. Abortion could even leads to more miscarriage later on.

In the abortion debate there are two groups, the pro-choice with people who support legal abortion and the pro-life with people who against legal abortion. One of the common issues brought up is the issue of considering abortion as the killing of an innocent human being. The pro-life activists think that pre-embryo, embryo or fetus should be taken as a separate individual and therefore they have human rights to choose whether they want to live in this world or not. The parents should not have the right to end their life. Other than that, pro-life advocates also use fetal pain as a point to strengthen their objection towards legal abortion. Fetal pain is referring to the pain a fetus would suffer from abortion.

However, the fetal pain belief is objected by the pro-choice advocates. The...
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