Short and Long Term Effects of Bombing Japan

Topics: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, World War II, Nuclear weapon Pages: 2 (594 words) Published: March 10, 2013
In 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. This prompted the United States to enter World War II. Four years later and still at war, the President Franklin Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein explaining efforts in Nazi Germany to build an atomic bomb. The United States Government soon after began a very secretive project known as “The Manhattan Project”. They developed a new weapon, which was called the nuclear bomb. The United States made two of these weapons, “Little Boy” which consisted of uranium-235, weighed about 9,700lbs and, two billion dollars of research was the smallest of the two. “Fat Boy” was made out of plutonium-238 and weighed around 10,800lbs and being ten times more efficient than “Little Boy”. President Truman warned Japan with the consequences if they didn’t surrender with the Potsdam Declaration. It was signed by President Truman, and by Prime Minister Attlee of the United Kingdom and with the concurrence of Chiang Kai-Shek, President of the National Government of China. Japan refused to surrender. In order to avoid an inevitable bombing campaign and land invasion of Japan that would have killed many US soldiers and citizens; President Truman issued the order to drop the bomb “ Little Boy” to save as many US lives as he could. At 9:15am August 6th 1945, something happened that would affect our world and all of human kind. Enola Gay dropped a bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Even after having a second chance they still refused to surrender. Then three days later Nagasaki, Japan was bombed. When “Little Boy” was dropped over Hiroshima at 2,000 feet, 60,000 to 90,000 buildings that were about a 9.5 mile radius to explosion were destroyed and seemed like it vanished in a matter of minutes. Around 75,000 people that were near the “Little Boy” explosion died instantly and others screamed uncontrollably from the awful pains of the burns. It was the same thing with “Fat Man”. It was estimated that with both bombs the death toll...
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