Shivaji Maharaj

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
An Analysis

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj – An Analysis

Page 1

A Note of Acknowledgement. . .
I would wish to thank Shri. Ambareesh Phadnavis, who painstakingly translated and compiled this article, originally written by Shri. Narahar Kurundkar, as a preface for Shriman Yogi.

- Manish Zanpure
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj – An Analysis Page 2

Index
Introduction . . . ............................................. 4 Sambhaji, his son... ........................................... 5 Shahaji, his father . . . ...................................... 7 Jaavli - A turning point... .................................... 9 Afzal Khan . . . .............................................. 10 The escape from Panhala . . . ................................. 12 Shaistekhan . . . ............................................. 13 Shaistekhan and Surat . . . ................................... 14 Mirza Raja Jaisingh . . . .................................... 15

The Revival . . . ............................................. 16 Coronation . . . .............................................. 17 The Conquest of South . . . ................................... 18 Death . . . ................................................... 19 Shivaji and Navy . . . ........................................ 20 Attempt of an analysis . . . .................................. 21 Personal traits . . . ......................................... 22 How Small Shivaji Was... ...................................... 23 Conclusion . . . .............................................. 27 Epilogue on Coronation Controversy . . . ...................... 28 References .................................................... 31

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj – An Analysis

Page 3

Introduction . . .
The Character of Shivaji is one of the most enigmatic characters in the history of India. There are people who deify him and put him on the pedestal of god. Few of them are on the way of declaring him as an incarnation of Lord Shiva. Many myths are now associated with him. Many others view that he was a mere local Maratha chieftain who was rebelling against the Mughal Empire and completely overlook the role he played in Hindu revival in India. Many others, who cannot comprehend the pragmatic approach of Shivaji, which was most practical given his humble beginnings, brand him as a mere plunderer and looter and equate him with ordinary dacoits. Between these two poles of emotions, Shivaji, the man, is on the verge of extinction. This is an attempt to resurrect him. In the process of understanding Shivaji, few events need to be understood. In the long list of those events, first one is about his grandfather, Maloji Bhonsale and his great grandfather Babaji Bhonsale. Documents suggest that Maloji was a Jagirdar of PandePedgaon. He inherited substantial part of his jahagir. Shahaji was born in 1602, Maloji died in 1607 in the battle of Indapur. Shahaji was 5 years old when this tragedy struck. Maloji, at the time, was a Bargir serving Lakhuji Jadhav of Sindkhed Raja, a place in central Maharashtra. Jijabai gave birth to six children. First four did not survive. Fifth and sixth were Sambhaji and Shivaji respectively. Shivaji’s own marital life was not very different from his father. He never gave importance to any of his queens and rarely entertained their interference in politics. He performed all the duties as a husband and kept his wives in as much comfort as possible, but no importance. To study Shivaji, we need to view him as a part of a chain of three men constituting his father Shahaji, he himself, and his son, Sambhaji. Without understanding the other two, one cannot hope to comprehend Shivaji.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj – An Analysis

Page 4

Sambhaji, his son...
Whether Sambhaji consumed alcohol? Was he charged for rape of a woman? Was he involved in orgies with women? Can his behavior with Soyarabai, Moropanta, Annaji Datto, be...
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