A captain is also known as a master or a shipmaster. Captain is a licensed marine in ultimate command of the vessel. He is responsible for its safe and efficient operation, including cargo operations, navigation and crew management. A captain also ensuring that the vessel complies with local and international laws, as well as company and flag state policies. All persons on board including officers and crew are under the captain's authority and are his ultimate responsibility. A ship's captain commands and manages all ship's personnel, and is typically in charge of the ship's accounting, payrolls, and inventories. The captain is responsible for compliance with immigration and customs regulations, maintaining the ship's certificates and documentation, compliance with the vessel's security plan, as mandated by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The captain is responsible for responding to and reporting in case of accidents and incidents, and in case of injuries and illness among the ship's crew. A ship's captain must have a master's license or certificate, issued by the ship's flag state, or a state licensing authority if operating within "non-federal" waters. Various types of licenses exist, specifying the maximum vessel size indicated in gross tonnage and in what geographic areas the captain can operate. An unlimited master's license or certificate allows the captain to operate any vessel worldwide.
Captain needs to ensure that the ship complies with local, international laws and also company policies. Captain is responsible under the law, for all aspects of operation such as the safe navigation of the ship, its cleanliness and seaworthiness, safe handling of all cargo, management of all personnel, inventory of ship's cash and stores, and maintaining the ship's certificates and documentation. One of the most important duties for captain is to ensure compliance with the vessel's security plan, as required by the International Maritime Organisation's ISPS Code. Plan is customized to meet the needs of each individual ship, spells out duties including conducting searches and inspections, maintaining restricted spaces, and responding to threats from pirates, and stowaways. The security plan also covers topics such as refugees and asylum seekers, smuggling, and saboteurs. If there is no purser on ship, captain will be in charge for the ship's accounting. This includes ensuring an adequate amount of cash on board and coordinating the ship's payroll. On international voyages, captain is responsible for satisfying requirements of the local immigration and customs officials. Immigration issues can include situations such as embarking and disembarking passengers, handling crew members who desert the ship, making crew-changes in port, and making accommodations for foreign crewmembers. Captain has special responsibilities when the ship or cargo damaged, when the ship causes damage to other vessels or facilities, and in the case of injury or death of a crew member. Captain also acts as a liaison to local investigators and is responsible for providing complete and accurate logbooks, reports, statements and evidence to document an incident. Specific examples of the ship causing external damage include collisions, grounding the vessel, and dragging anchor. Finally, the master is responsible to address any medical issues affecting the crew by providing medical care.
Chief Mate / First Mate Officer (C/M)
The chief officer is the second in command after the captain. His primary responsibilities are the vessel's cargo operations, its stability, and supervising the deck crew. Chief mate is responsible for the safety and security of the ship, as well as the welfare of the crew on board. The chief mate typically stands the 4-8 navigation watch. Additional duties include maintenance of the ship's hull, cargo gears, accommodations, the life...