Qin Shi Huang was born in the Zhao state who named as "Ying Zheng" for which he was born in the January (Zheng means January in Chinese) (Carole & Bos, 1999; Cinderella, 2006; Wikipedia, 2006; &Duin, 2006). He later called himself as Shi Huang Ti after he conquered all of the states of his time. His mother was a businessman's (Lu Bu Wei) concubine who was given to Yi Ren (Yin Zheng's father) up to his request. On the other hand, his father was one of the sons of the crown prince (An Guo Jun) of the Qin state who was not favored by An Guo Jun, and was sent to Zhao as hostage. With the help of Lu Bu Wei, Yi Ren returned to his country home and ascended An Guo Jun as the next ruler.
Yi Ren died three years later after he became the next Qin's lord. Ying Zheng ascended the throne from his father at the age of 13 with the assistant of the regents his mother and Lu Bu Wei. However, as he grew elder the smart Ying Zheng realized his power was in the hands of the regents and his mother favorite eunuch, Lao Ai. In early 20s, he showed his political talent by having Lao Du executed and removing Lu Bu Wei's power when both of them planned to overthrow him2 (Cinderella, 2006; Beijing Ulink Travel Net, 2006; & Duin, 2006).
After the betrayals were removed, Ying Zheng hired capable scholars and warriors (e.g.: Li Si, Wang Jian)3 (Beijing Ulink Travel Net, 2006) to assist him in realizing his dream of conquering every other Chinese state. With the help of the capable people under him, Ying Zheng succeeded his life goal at the age of 38. He then named himself "Shi Huang Ti" 4(Shi means the first, Huang Ti means the highest emperor) as he was the first king to unite China in the history (Carole & Bos, 1999; Wikipedia, 2006; & Duin, 2006). He was also addressed as Qin Shi Huang in which he was from the Qin dynasty. Besides his excellent performance in politics, Qin Shi Huang was also an expert in the use of many kinds of traditional weapons (e.g.: swords) 5 (Wikipedia, 2006)
The unity brought few major influences to the later China6 (Shapiro, 2003). Qin Shi Huang standardized the different units of measurements (e.g.: weights, currency) and even the Chinese script. These standardization brought unity among states and increase communication between people from different districts. Extensive network of canals and roads connecting the districts had help to accelerate interaction and trade in country, which improved the after-war economy indirectly. Another achievement of Qin Shi Huang is the Great Wall of China. The wall played important role in defending the country from enemies during Qin Shi Huang's time, and also the time after the fall of Qin dynasty. Not to forget was Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum where lies more than 7000 of real human scale terracotta.
Qin Shi Huang was very keen in the search for immortality7 (Wikipedia, 2006 & Beijing Ulink Travel Net, 2006). Many young boys and girls were sent to follow Xu Fu's team of searching for immortality. Mausoleum was also built to ensure his power of ruling continued afterlife, where thousands of warrior and scholar terracotta were buried with his body. Several trips around the country were made to show his superiority and as well as to search for secrets to immortality. Ying Zheng died in his seventh trip at age 50.
Despite his excellent politic ability and achievements he was very well known for his cruelty towards people who betrayed or against him. However, I personally view that his cruelty was essential (but was done over mark) to the situation to control people's behavior that had avoided many unnecessary war which saved even more people's life.
The theory of Erik Erikson and Alfred Adler are used to analyze Shi Huang Ti's personality. Erikson proposed that human development is not depended entirely on biological factor but rather a constant individual growth throughout her life (Magnavita, 2002). Erikson's psychosocial stages of personality development is...