The preparation which are used to soften the beard, lubricate the passage of razor over the face is called shaving preparation. The preparation is also used to relieve irritation & a feeling of well- being. There are two types of Shaving Preparations. This are given in following flow chart.
Shaving cream is a substance applied to the skin to facilitate removal of hair. Shaving cream softens and moistens the skin and the hair, thus making shaving more comfortable and contributing to smoother skin. The advantages of using shaving cream, rather than soap, oil, or just water, are many. Shaving with a modern bar of soap approximates shaving with cream but doesn't provide all of the benefits: soap is only one element of many in a modern shaving preparation. SHAVING GEL
Shaving gel is a lubricating product designed to be applied before shaving in order to soften the hair being shaved, along with moisturizing the skin and preventing the razor from dragging along the skin, potentially creating razor burn. It comes in tubs as well as cans, and is usually designed to foam into a thick, dense lather. Most companies which manufacture conventional shaving cream also make shaving gel, as many of the basic ingredients are the same, and some consumers prefer more options. As compared to shaving cream, shaving gel tends to be more efficient, because only a small amount is needed for each shave. This is because the consumer lathers the gel before or while he or she is applying it, rather than dispensing an already lathered product, as is the case with shaving cream. When dispensed in a can, shaving gel is kept under pressure so that it will dispense when needed. Shaving gel is also available in tubs into which the shaver can dip a hand or shaving brush. In most cases, shaving gel will foam when it is gently agitated in the hands or on the surface of the face. In other instances, shaving gel is intended to be applied in a thin lubricating layer which does not foam. Some specialized shaving gels function like this to provide more moisturizing properties, or to soften particularly thick hair. When shaving gel does not foam, it is usually lightly colored, so that the person shaving can clearly see which areas of the skin have been lubricated. Homemade shaving gel
Ingredients required 1/2 cup liquid organic castile soap, 1/4 cup hot water, 1/2 tsp salt (preservative), 2 tablespoons vegetable glycerine, 2 tablespoons aloe vera gel or cucumber, 8 drops tea tree essential oil if necessary. Method: Firstly melt salt in water and mix all other ingredients together. You can store it in a pump bottle. Alcohols are used as an ingredient in some gels because it has antiseptic and therapeutic properties. However, this can be kept optional as it dries your skin and hence advised to use glycerin based gels. SHAVING OIL
Shaving oil is usually a vegetable oil mixed with essential oils which can be used as a lubricant for shaving. Shaving oil is better for sensitive skin because there are fewer chemicals which can irritate the skin. Shaving oil can help moisturize the skin and does not clog pores like some creams and soaps can. While it is harder to know what you have and have not shaved with a shaving oil, they have the advantage of not hiding your beard and mustache so that you can safely shave around them. SHAVING SOAP
The shaving cream that the barber uses with his shaving brush and straight razor is sometimes called shaving soap. Shaving soap most often comes in a large mouth can or in a hard bar. A badger shaving brush is used to swirl the soap into a lather creating a very smooth shaving cream. Because the shaving soaps contain glycerin they provide a closer shave with fewer nicks and cuts. Shaving soap provides such a close shave, it may require relearning how to shave so that you do not use much pressure on the razor. Background:
According to Burma Shave chronicler Frank Rowsome, Jr., modern shaving...