CHAPTER 22: EXILE IN DAPITAN, 1892-96
Dapitan (Mindanao) – place managed by Jesuits where Rizal was exiled
Rizal kept communication with:
1. His family
2. Fellow reformists
3. Eminent scientists and scholars of Europe
Beginning of Exile in Dapitan
Cebu – steamer which brought Rizal to Dapitan
- Carried a letter from Fr. Pablo Pastells (Superior of the Jesuit Society of the Philippines) to Fr. Antonio Obach which states that Rizal could live at the parish convent if he will a. Retract his errors regarding religion
b. Perform church rites & make a general confession
c. Conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and man of religion
Captain Ricardo Carnicero – in his home did Rizal stay; he was good to Rizal; he gave good reports about Rizal and gave him complete freedom (proved
by his permission for Rizal to ride
his chestnut horse.)
A Don Ricardo Carnicero – poem which Rizal
wrote for Captain Carnicero on his
Wins in Manila Lottery
Butuan – mail boat which brought the news about
Rizal’s winning in the lottery
Lottery Ticket No. 9736 – second-prize winning
ticket jointly owned by Rizal, Capt.
Carnicero & Francisco Equilior
(Spaniard from Dipolog)
P20,000 – lottery prize; P6,200 of it was given to Rizal; P2,000 of his share he gave to his father and P200 to Basa, the rest he invested thru purchasing agricultural lands from the coast of Talisay
Three (3) pesetas – amount Rizal allotted for
lottery tickets every month
Rizal – Pastells Debate on Religion
The debate started when Pastells sent Rizal a book by Sarda along with an advice that Rizal should desist from his majaderas (foolishness) in viewing religion from the perspective of individual judgement and self-esteem
The debate can be read in four (4) letters.
Rizal was bitter against the friars because they commit abuses under the cloak of religion.
Father Pastells tried to bring back to Catholicism Rizal by telling him that human intelligence is limited, thus he needs the guidance of God.
Behind the debate, Pastells and Rizal were friends as evidently pictured when: 1. Pastells gave Rizal a copy of Imitacion de Cristo by Fr. Thomas a Kempis 2. Rizal gave Pastells a bust of St. Paul which he had made
Rizal continued to hear mass and celebrate religious events.
Rizal Challenges a Frenchman to a Duel
Mr. Juan Lardet – a French businessman whom
Rizal had a conflict
Lardet purchased logs from Rizal’s lands of which some are of poor quality. Lardet was disgusted of the business deal and expressed this in a letter to Antonio Miranda. Miranda showed Rizal the letter which made Rizal angry, eventually challenging Lardet into a duel.
Captain Carnicero heard of this and advised Lardet to apologize for he would not win against Rizal because he was expert in fencing and pistol shooting.
Lardet wrote an apology letter to Rizal which Rizal accepted.
Rizal and Father Sanchez
In his aspiration to reconcile Rizal with the Church, Father Pastells sent to Dapitan: 1. Father Obach, Cura of Dapitan
2. Fr. Jose Vilaclara, Cura of Dipolog
3. Fr. Francisco Paula de Sanchez, Rizal’s favorite teacher at Ateneo de Manila
Though Sanchez failed to persuade Rizal to discard unorthodox views, he helped Rizal in beautifying the town plaza.
Estudios sobre la lengua tagala – manuscript which Rizal gave to Sanchez on his birthday
Idyllic Life in Dapitan
Among his family members who visited Rizal were:
1. His mother
2. His sisters Trinidad, Maria and Narcisa
3. Nephews Teodosio, Estanislao, Mauricio and Prudencio
Rizal built a house by the seashore of Talisay surrounded by fruit trees, a school for boys, and a hospital for his patients.
Rizal’s Encounter with the...