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  • Topic: José Rizal, Katipunan, Ateneo de Manila University
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Romero, John Terrence M.

CHAPTER 22: EXILE IN DAPITAN, 1892-96

Dapitan (Mindanao) – place managed by Jesuits where Rizal was exiled

Rizal kept communication with:
1. His family
2. Fellow reformists
3. Eminent scientists and scholars of Europe

Beginning of Exile in Dapitan

Cebu – steamer which brought Rizal to Dapitan
- Carried a letter from Fr. Pablo Pastells (Superior of the Jesuit Society of the Philippines) to Fr. Antonio Obach which states that Rizal could live at the parish convent if he will a. Retract his errors regarding religion

b. Perform church rites & make a general confession
c. Conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and man of religion

Captain Ricardo Carnicero – in his home did Rizal stay; he was good to Rizal; he gave good reports about Rizal and gave him complete freedom (proved
by his permission for Rizal to ride
his chestnut horse.)

A Don Ricardo Carnicero – poem which Rizal
wrote for Captain Carnicero on his
birthday

Wins in Manila Lottery

Butuan – mail boat which brought the news about
Rizal’s winning in the lottery

Lottery Ticket No. 9736 – second-prize winning
ticket jointly owned by Rizal, Capt.
Carnicero & Francisco Equilior
(Spaniard from Dipolog)

P20,000 – lottery prize; P6,200 of it was given to Rizal; P2,000 of his share he gave to his father and P200 to Basa, the rest he invested thru purchasing agricultural lands from the coast of Talisay

Three (3) pesetas – amount Rizal allotted for
lottery tickets every month

Rizal – Pastells Debate on Religion

The debate started when Pastells sent Rizal a book by Sarda along with an advice that Rizal should desist from his majaderas (foolishness) in viewing religion from the perspective of individual judgement and self-esteem

The debate can be read in four (4) letters.

Rizal was bitter against the friars because they commit abuses under the cloak of religion.

Father Pastells tried to bring back to Catholicism Rizal by telling him that human intelligence is limited, thus he needs the guidance of God.

Behind the debate, Pastells and Rizal were friends as evidently pictured when: 1. Pastells gave Rizal a copy of Imitacion de Cristo by Fr. Thomas a Kempis 2. Rizal gave Pastells a bust of St. Paul which he had made

Rizal continued to hear mass and celebrate religious events.

Rizal Challenges a Frenchman to a Duel

Mr. Juan Lardet – a French businessman whom
Rizal had a conflict

Lardet purchased logs from Rizal’s lands of which some are of poor quality. Lardet was disgusted of the business deal and expressed this in a letter to Antonio Miranda. Miranda showed Rizal the letter which made Rizal angry, eventually challenging Lardet into a duel.

Captain Carnicero heard of this and advised Lardet to apologize for he would not win against Rizal because he was expert in fencing and pistol shooting.

Lardet wrote an apology letter to Rizal which Rizal accepted.

Rizal and Father Sanchez

In his aspiration to reconcile Rizal with the Church, Father Pastells sent to Dapitan: 1. Father Obach, Cura of Dapitan
2. Fr. Jose Vilaclara, Cura of Dipolog
3. Fr. Francisco Paula de Sanchez, Rizal’s favorite teacher at Ateneo de Manila

Though Sanchez failed to persuade Rizal to discard unorthodox views, he helped Rizal in beautifying the town plaza.

Estudios sobre la lengua tagala – manuscript which Rizal gave to Sanchez on his birthday

Idyllic Life in Dapitan

Among his family members who visited Rizal were:
1. His mother
2. His sisters Trinidad, Maria and Narcisa
3. Nephews Teodosio, Estanislao, Mauricio and Prudencio

Rizal built a house by the seashore of Talisay surrounded by fruit trees, a school for boys, and a hospital for his patients.

Rizal’s Encounter with the...
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