Shang and Zhou Dynasties

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Geography has had a dramatic influence on the lives of people in ancient civilizations. The Indus River Valley and Chinese Civilizations are both examples of societies that used their geography to help them as civilizations. These civilizations were able to develop based on the resources they had, and were able to become complex civilizations by irrigating floods and devising early plumbing systems.

Geography had a dramatic influence on the lives of people in the Indus River Valley. Primarily centered along the Indus and the Punjab region, the civilization extended into the Ghaggar-Hakra River valley and the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, encompassing most of what is now Pakistan, as well as extending into the westernmost states of modern-day India, southeastern Afghanistan, and the easternmost part of Balochistan, Iran. People began farming in 6000 B.C in Western India. The geography consisted of rich agricultural lands being surrounded by highlands, desert, and ocean. The floods of the Indus River sometimes provided droughts and other times over flows. Monsoon rains, which were seasonal also, provided hardship for the farmers because they had strong winds sometimes. Deposits of rich soil and silt were deposited when there was flooding and they were unpredictable. Some of the world’s tallest mountains were in the North. The Indus River is between the Himalayan and Hindu Kush mountains. These two mountain ranges have the highest mountain peaks and border rivers. Streams and rivers form the Indus River run into the Arabian Sea. The Indus River Valley had very fertile soil to have good farming. The fertile soil is like the soil of the Fertile Crescent and Nile River Valley. In the spring the snow melts in the mountains and flows into the Indus River. The Indus River brings silt from the mountains with rich minerals and floods also bring the rich minerals. The mountains blocked the moisture from the monsoons. The Indus River people built irrigation canals and it helped...
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