Wherever civilization arises, we find pharmacy, because it fulfills one of man's basic needs. This effort to grasp from nature for whatever might shield us from affliction was earlier a service before it came to be known as a profession. Pharmacy thus, has a long history. Fossils from plants with medicinal properties have been found with the remains of Neanderthals, indicating that early man used these plants as drugs around 50,000 BC. Before the dawn of the history, pharmacy development parallels to that of man when ancient man learned from his instinct, from the observation of birds and beast, using cool water, a leaf, dirt or mud as its first soothing application. Eventually he learned how these method would serve him beat by trial and did benefits others. Although the cavemen method were crude, many of todays’ medicine spring from sources as simple as elementary as those which were within reach of early man.
There is also the earliest known record of the practice of the art of apothecary which is the Babylon, one of the jewels of ancient Mesopotamia which shows how pharmacy evolved with man as practitioners at that time which is about 2600 B.C. before were all in one meaning priest, physician, and pharmacist. There was medical text on clay tablets recording the first symptoms of illness followed by prescription and directions for compounding and then invocation of god. However these methods are not practices in modern medicine. Then around 2000 B.C. the Chinese had their-Pun Tsao or Great Herbal, which was an extremely interesting manuscript recording 365 drugs written by the Great Emperor Shen Nung who conceivably examined many herbs, barks and roots. Some of the remedies described in this book are toad's eyelids for colds, and earthworms rolled in honey for gastritis
The ancient Egyptians, around 2900 B.C., possessed quite a considerable degree of pharmaceutical lore, and their writings tell us that they could supply infusions, decoctions, macerations, inhalations, garg1es, poultices, and in fact practically the same type of preparations the older pharmacists of today, would still recognize. They have the best known and most important pharmaceutical record which is the “Papyrus Ebers” a collection of 800 prescription mentioning 700 drugs
The Greeks have also made significant contribution to the world of medicine in two giant steps, which is expressed in the writings of Hippocrates. Firstly, they began to look for natural causes and effects in producing disease, and secondly they produced the first clearly recognizable descriptions of diseases and epidemics. These first steps in scientific medicine existed side by side with belief in divine powers of the oracles and priests to treat illness. Soon after, the methods of thought expounded by Greek philosophers like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle began to escape from the power of the supernatural, which allowed the development of Western science. There was also among those Greek Philosophers, one of the greatest and natural scientist called the “father of botany”, Theophrastus who studied the nature as in the natural herbs and plant he discovered that some of the plants carried adverse effects, but found some to be poisons...