Shajara-I Turk

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Almas Arapov
1st assignment
Text analysis
Shejere-i Turk

Shejere-i Turk was written in XVII century by ruler of Khiva Abu’l-ghazi Bahadur Khan. This work is one of the most important sources for history of Central Asia. Abu’l-ghazi Bahadur Khan was writing his works in Chagatai language. Shejere-i Turk was finished in 1665 in Khiva. Shejere-i Turk is a genealogy of Turks, history of these nations. It is a well-known fact that in Turkic states power was inherited. So, Abu’l-ghazi Bahadur Khan wrote a huge description of blood relationship between all Khans and their courts. His work was very important for both historical inheritance and those people. Abu’l-ghazi Bahadur Khan in his work addressing issue of traditional transfer of power by inheritance gives us information, from which it is possible to trace the social structure people lived in during that time.

It is clearly seen from the text of Shejere-i Turk that blood relations and inheritance of power were very important things for those days. “There was Jochi Khan, son of Chinggiz Khan, and his son was Shiban Khan, and…and his son was Kuchem Khan. This line ended with Kuchem Khan.” Words “this line ended” doesn`t really mean that genealogical line finished, it means that the power of this line ended on Kuchem Khan, because “In the year 1003, the Russians took Turan from Kuchem Khan and Kuchem himself ran away to the Mangynts, and from there he went to God.” How the power was inherited from generation to generation is well described part called “The Crimean Rulers of Tukai Timer`s Line”: “Chinggiz Khan’s son was Jochi and his son was Tukai Timer, and his son was Uz Timer and his son was Saraicha, and his son was Kunchek Uglan, and his son was Tukkolhoja, and… The rulers of Crimea were of Haji Garai’s line. [. . .]”. These lines say only about fathers-sons relationships, and tell us nothing about daughters. From this information, it is reasonable to make a conclusion that power in that society...
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