30 October 2012
Do we need the ICC?
The International Criminal Court or ICC , which was adopted in July 17,1998, in Rome, Italy, is a permanent tribunal for the most serious International Crimes such as Genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. Jose Ayala once said, “A person stands a better chance of being tried and judged for killing one human being than for killing 100,000”. Unfortunately that comment is accurate, we need the International Criminal Court to end impunity, to take over when national criminal justice institutions are unwilling or unable to act, and to deter future war criminals. Warcrimes have been a continual distress to mankind for centuries, currently ICC is not perfect but with time it will correct the mishaps and mistakes it has been making in their early days of existence.
The disadvantages or core claims of wrong doing pointed to the ICC is as follows, first is that the court has selected focus on Africa, the ICC has received more than 2,000 communications regarding crimes and the only cases which the ICC chose to investigate were the ones conducted in Africa. Secondly, it undervalues traditional influence and promotes a western form of justice. It also complicates the search for peace and it works against preemptive peace agreements. Critics of the Court argue that there are “insufficient checks and balances on the authority of the ICC prosecutor and judges,” the ICC’s prosecutor team takes no account of the roles played by the government in the conflict as in the case in Rwanda which led to a flawed investigation. The last claim of wrongdoing by the ICC is that it unnecessarily promotes that africans defend criminals.
Advantages of the ICC is that that the court is mainly an African court, but that is extremely beneficial to Africa since most of the signatures that ratified the ICC were from African countries. Crimes tend to be higher in Africa than in any...
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