Sexual Health Promotion Initiatives Which Follow the Ottawa Charter

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There are a range of health promotion initiatives that follow the Ottawa Charter action areas in the area of sexual health. The Ottawa Charter is document which was produced by the World Health Organization in 1986 to give direction to health promotion through clear definitions, action plans and positive involvement. The Ottawa Charter is made up of action areas, which are regarded as essential to any effective health promotion worldwide. Sexual health is basically a state of physical, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. Being 'sexually healthy' includes being free from things such as sexually transmitted infections, and having healthy sexual relationships.

The Ottawa Charter action areas include; building healthy public policy, creating Supportive environments, reorienting health services, strengthening community action and developing personal skills. A range of sexual health promotion initiatives follow these action areas.

One of the action areas is developing personal skills. There are currently a range of sexual health promotion initiatives that follow this action area; one of these is the Australian government’s sexually transmitted infection (STI) website. The website's health promotion initiative helps individuals to develop their personal skills by offering loads of information about STIs including treatment for STIs, information about types of STIs, where to find help and help finding clinics, as well as heaving information on safe sex, for example the importance of using condoms. When this valuable information is read by someone it greatly develop their personal skills as they can now put what they've learnt into practice.

Another action area of the Ottawa Charter is creating supportive environments. The Multicultural HIV and Hepatitis Service do just that. It creates supportive environments by offering a service that employs people from more than 20 language groups to co-work with other health care professionals in the...
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