Sexism in Sports
Throughout the history of sports, female athletes have struggled to gain equality with the male athletes. The men have predominantly had better athletic facilities, more recognition, more airtime on television, etc. Women today are still fighting for as much recognition as the males, and the right to play/help with male sports. The United States tried to help women gain more sports equality with the passage of the Title IX amendment in 1972. This amendment states that “no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” However, many women are still victimized and continue to fight for these rights.
From the beginning of athletics, women have struggled to gain their right to participate in sports. Countries began to create gender sports- sports such as field hockey, soccer, rugby, and American football, for the men. While women were excluded from the male sports, they were encouraged to participate in sports such as Swedish gymnastics, dancing, and calisthenics. They were allowed to participate in sports such as basketball, tennis, and badminton as long as they “were played in ladylike fashion” (Hargreaves 1). Women began to grow sick of their unjust treatment and challenged the International Olympic Committee to allow women’s participation (in both female and male sports) in the Olympics. The president of the IOC responded to their request by saying, “The Olympic Games must be reserved for men and the solemn and periodic exaltation of male athleticism with female applause as reward” ( Hargreaves 2). Nineteen women participated in the Paris Olympics in 1900 in only three sports: tennis, golf, and croquet. Women then decided to create their own Olympics, called the Women’s World Games, in which they participated in eleven highly successful events, every four...
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