Is any agreement between two or more persons in which the objective is exclusively limited to the sexual act and ends with that and which involve preliminary negotiations for a price”. Sex work is considered as performing a service for men, and is defined as penetrative vaginal sex that takes place within a particular timeframe, up to 15 minutes.25 Sex worker
Female, male and transgender adults and young people who receive money or goods in exchange for sexual Services, either regularly or occasionally, and who may or may not consciously define those activities as income generating Transactional sex
An exchange of sexual acts for money or goods; the person would not self-identify as a sex worker, nor generally be viewed as such by the community. It is sex with a non-primary partner that is largely motivated by material gain .
Conditions that contribute to entry to sex work
The life circumstances that compel people into sex work are the following ■ Poverty and limited economic Opportunities,
Individuals who have low-income jobs or other sources of partial support may Supplement their income with part-time or short-term sex work. As they may not identify themselves as sex workers, these individuals may be particularly difficult to reach. ■ Gender inequalities
Contribute to women entering into sex work. Although their rights and economic Independence are often limited (in some instances, severely), women frequently bear the major burden of family obligations. In addition to having limited access to employment, women in many societies have few prospects of financial support outside of marriage other than sex work. On the other hand, when bride payments or dowries change hands, young women may come to realize that they are being treated as a commodity. Sex work may offer them more control of their sexuality than their society affords to either married or marriageable women and using that sexuality for their own profit may seem a viable alternative to marriage. In many societies, men’s sexual needs are accorded priority status— sometimes to the disadvantage of women. Social norms that emphasize male dominance in sexual matters encourage an environment in which violence against women becomes a potential or real threat. Several studies of sex workers reveal That many of them have been victims of sexual or physical abuse. .
Families may be easily induced by traffickers to push their young daughters towards commercial sex work. Commercial trafficking in women and children occurs on a large scale within countries and at the regional and global levels. In this era of AIDS, young girls have proven to be especially vulnerable to being trafficked or coerced into sex work, as their youth and virginity are associated with freedom from disease. The increased mobility of contemporary life can also make women and young people more easily prey to sexual exploitation. Women who migrate for economic reasons (either to another country or from rural to urban settings) are especially vulnerable to sexual exploitation or to being trafficked because of their relative naïveté about the new city or country, possible language barriers, and tenuous financial situation. Women and young people in refugee or other emergency settings are also particularly vulnerable to sexual exploitation, as the exchange of sex for money, services or goods can often be a matter of survival.
■ Cultural and/or traditional beliefs and practices
Some traditions, for example, have for generations encouraged young men to have their first sexual experience with an experienced woman—usually a sex worker. The traditional belief that having sex with a young girl...