• Sex Education Programs: Definitions & Point-by-Point Comparison

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Abstinence-Only Education teaches abstinence as the only morally correct option of sexual expression for teenagers. It usually censors information about contraception and condoms for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unintended pregnancy.

Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Education teaches abstinence as the only morally correct option of sexual expression for unmarried young people. Programs funded under the 1996 Welfare Reform Act must censor information about contraception and condoms for the prevention of STDs and unintended pregnancy.

Abstinence-Centered Education—Another term normally used to mean abstinence-only education.

Comprehensive Sex Education teaches about abstinence as the best method for avoiding STDs and unintended pregnancy, but also teaches about condoms and contraception to reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy and of infection with STDs, including HIV. It also teaches interpersonal and communication skills and helps young people explore their own values, goals, and options.

Abstinence-Based Education—Another term normally used to mean comprehensive sexuality education

Abstinence-Plus Education—Another term for normally used to mean comprehensive sexuality education. Comprehensive Sex Education Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Education Teaches that sexuality is a natural, normal, healthy part of life Teaches that sexual expression outside of marriage will have harmful social, psychological, and physical consequences Teaches that abstinence from sexual intercourse is the most effective method of preventing unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV Teaches that abstinence from sexual intercourse before marriage is the only acceptable behavior Provides values-based education and offers students the opportunity to explore and define their individual values as well as the values of their families and communities Teaches only one set of values as morally correct for all...
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