Sex Education Comparing What Is Tought to What Parents Want Taught in California

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Comparing topics covered during sex education to topics parents want covered.

Cynthia Ashenfelter
Chapman University
Action Research Project

March 14, 2010

Abstract
American adolescents continue to be very aggressive in their sexual activity with one-third engaged in intercourse before 9th grade. In Riverside County alone in 2007 these adolescents accounted for over 4000 births in teens 15-19 years of age. However, there appears to be a disparity between the need for sex education and the existence of sex education in California. Therefore, to analyze the type of education needed to reduce STDs and teen pregnancy this study compared what topics the California curriculum covers too topics parents think are important in sex education. Multi-method data collection consisted of random one-on-one surveys of parents of current and past students of the district, and recent district graduates to determine topics they considered important in the delivery of sex education. Purposeful sampling strategy utilized as surveys of pre-determined areas around the two targeted schools were collected through a door-to-door surveys of parents with currently enrolled students. Results compared to what California considers important topics of sex education; which concluded a large majority of California schools do not bother to teach all the required subjects and some teach abstinence only. Study results confirm the majority of parents and past students want comprehensive education covering both abstinence, plus protection in grades 7-12.

Table of Contents
Introduction4

Literature Review7

Methodology13
Findings17
Discussion20
Bibliography 24
Appendix 27
Phase 1 Survey28
Phase 2 Survey29
Phase 3 Survey30
Phase 1 Table 132
Phase 2 Table 233
Phase 3 Table 334
Phase Comparisons Chart 735
Combination Totals Charts 4-636

Chapter 1 Introduction

Problem

America, along with the rest of the world continues its struggle to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS which continues to be too complex for medical teams to stop. This very danger prompted C Everett Koop, the American Surgeon General during the 1980s, to propose AIDS education for children as young as nine years old in America. However, the knowledge of this disease has not lessened the sexual activity of American teens. American adolescents continue to be very aggressive in their sexual activity. One-third of these adolescents engage in intercourse before 9th grade and more than 6% by age 13. Their lack of protection has increased the number of STDs and births among American teenagers. California alone reported over 40,000 new Chlamydia cases in adolescents during 2006 with two-thirds of these being between 15-24 years of age. Furthermore, these adolescents accounted for over 50,000 births in 2005, accounting for a 3% increase in teen pregnancy after reaching a 34% record low in 2005. There appears to be a disparity between the need for sex education and the existence of sex education in California. Effective sex education can help reduce specific problems like teen pregnancy, and STDs in youth while promoting physical and psychological health. Numerous studies support the benefits of education by demonstrating education can increase student’s knowledge about sex and help reduce sex-related problems (Scales, 1983). Today’s youth are constantly exposed to violence and sexual explicit materials across all avenues of the media. They watch reality shows like “The Real World” that seems to promote recreational sex. Then we have movies like the “Forty Year Old Virgin” making fun of people who are not sexually active, compile this with the movie “Juno” about a teen who must decide how to deal with a pregnancy. Unfortunately, none of these movies show the true consequences of early activity. Furthermore, there was the “Secret Life of the American Teenager” that portrays a...
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